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Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible ® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. 



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1-3 Pilate then took Jesus and scourged Him. 2 And the soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on His head, and put a purple robe on Him; 3 and they began to come up to Him and say, "Hail, King of the Jews!" and to give Him slaps in the face.


Jn 19,1-4

(19k) Sin >> Actions that contradict your words will twist your mind – Pilate was conflicted; he was not an evil ruler; rather, he was a man with a conscience, but he was also more dedicated to the world than to God, and for this reason he had Jesus scourged though he found no guilt in Him. He was trying to appease the Jews and those causing uproar in effort to avoid a riot, as though a riot were worse than scourging an innocent man. Pilate was looking after his own interests, protecting his position as governor of Jerusalem, in that a riot would have gone on his record as one who could not control the people, and the report would have come to Caesar and invariably been part of any decision to replace him.

Jn 19-1

(17h) Sin >> Judging in the flesh >> Passing judgment without seeking truth -- This verse goes with verses 4-6

(76h) Thy kingdom come >> Motives >> Living by a double standard -- This verse goes with verses 4-6

(169j) Works of the devil >> Manifestations of the devil >> Seeking the glory of man >> Loving the approval of men rather than the approval of God >> Fearing their religion -- This verse goes with verses 4-6

(188e) Die to self (Process of substitution) >> Separation from the old man >> Suffering >> Suffering the will of God in your life – Verse one may contain the biggest words in the Bible, easy to say but hard to endure if you’re the one being scourged. When we think of the hatred that the world has for God, and focus it all on one man and one event, the brutality of His torture was unimaginable. When we think of Satan entering the soldiers who swung the whips, the superhuman strength he must have given them to strike our Lord ceaselessly thirty-nine times, which was a near infinite number when it comes to being whipped like that, and when we multiply that by the number of strands the Cat O’ Nine Tails they used to whip Him, and then by the number of bone fragments and pieces of glass that were knotted into those strands that tore into His flesh, it was a big number indeed.

(242h) Kingdom of God >> Opposition toward the Kingdom of God >> Persecuting the kingdom >> Worldly pressure >> World pressures you to forsake your convictions -- This verse goes with verses 4-6

(244j) Kingdom of God >> Spirit realm imposed on the natural realm >> Literal manifestations >> Literal manifestation of God’s word >> His cross is the manifestation of truth -- This verse goes with verse 16

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4&5 Pilate came out again and said to them, "Behold, I am bringing Him out to you so that you may know that I find no guilt in Him." 5 Jesus then came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. Pilate said to them, "Behold, the Man!"


Jn 19,4-6

(17h) Sin >> Judging in the flesh >> Passing judgment without seeking truth -- These verses go with verses 12-16. Pilate is more likely in heaven than in hell, though he permitted the crucifixion of Jesus, even after proclaiming He had done nothing deserving of death. Pilate is an example of us all, in that we all get ourselves in predicaments; we have all found ourselves in no-win situations. So what is the lesson for us in Pilate? He should have followed his conscience. He did to an extent, but these things are easier said than done; afterward he compromised his convictions. This is the first time Pilate saw the Lord; realistically, how could Pilate risk his career and possibly his life for a someone he didn't know? We are looking at the story from a much loftier position (the Scriptures) and then judging Pilate based on our standpoint, which is not fair. Since we are judging Pilate unfairly, this may suggest that we would have judged Christ unfairly too, just as Pilate did. He may have sacrificed his convictions to save his own neck, but the people didn’t give him time to investigate the matter; maybe if he knew more about Jesus, he wouldn’t have crucified Him.

(76h) Thy kingdom come >> Motives >> Living by a double standard -- These verses go with verses 12-16

(79c) Thy kingdom come >> Renewing your mind >> Compromising your convictions -- These verses go with verse 9. The thing about Pilate, it was predestined from the foundation of the world that Jesus should die for the sins of the people, so in that sense, the decisions were all made for Pilate, and that is the difference between his story and ours. The end of our story has not yet been written, and God has handed us the pencil to finish it however we see fit. We are in control of what we do, and we have the sovereign choice to follow our convictions or to sacrifice our conscience for any one of a thousand reasons. It is our choice to do what is best for us or to do what is right. Pilate could have repented afterwards, and the same is true for us. We can sacrifice our conscience instead of doing what is right and then repent of it later to retrieve our conscience from God’s forgiveness, but we don’t know the consequences of our actions, and we don’t know the reverberations of our sin; some of the most horrendous circumstances could result. There could be serious consequences for compromising our convictions, but there can also be serious consequences for doing what is right. So the question is, do we want to live with the consequences of our sin or with the consequences of doing what is right, with our conscience intact or in tatters?

(126e) Thy kingdom come >> Manifestations of faith >> Peace >> Peacemakers >> Peacemakers avoid unnecessary confrontation – It must not have been easy keeping the peace in Jerusalem (which literally translated means “City of Peace”), perhaps paying Pilate an extra pound of gold to be stationed there. After Pilate met Jesus, he realized that no amount of money was worth his job, for all hope of peace and normalcy suddenly disappeared. Pilate was stuck in possibly the worst predicament of all time; in the game of chess it is called checkmate; there was not a move he could make that would have led to his advantage. The only good decision he could have made was to refuse to crucify Jesus and pay the penalty of losing his job because of the riot that would have ensued, or perhaps even losing his life, Caesar likely condemning him to death with Jesus and crucifying them together, in that sense becoming a martyr. However, this view is based on hindsight, which was a point of view that Pilate was not afforded. The moment he set eyes on Jesus, he became a martyr or a self-condemned man, one or the other, and he chose to condemn himself by compromising his convictions rather than losing his place in the world.

(169j) Works of the devil >> Manifestations of the devil >> Seeking the glory of man >> Loving the approval of men rather than the approval of God >> Fearing their religion -- These verses go with verses 12-16

(239d) Kingdom of God >> Pursuing the kingdom >> Pursuing the knowledge of the kingdom >> Teachers >> Teachable students >> The teachable submit to the word – Jesus was seen as introducing a new religion to the Jews, but Moses taught that if someone attempted to dissuade them from following the dictates that he handed to the Israelites, it was a sin punishable by death. However, Jesus was not really introducing a new religion, but correcting the Jewish practices of the law, and at the same time fulfilling them and introducing a new covenant form of worship that Moses would have endorsed. The Jews saw Jesus as conflicting with their methods of Judaism, calling Him an instigator, but Pilate didn’t see it that way. Accusing Jesus of being the enemy of Caesar was Pilate’s way out, but He chose to be objective and refused to deny the truth, though he professed to Jesus that Truth did not exist (Jn 18-38). Although Pilate didn't confess to Jesus that He was the Truth (the word of God in human flesh), he did confess the truth to the public that he didn't think Jesus was guilty of any wrongdoing, which was highly significant in the eyes of God. Pilate looked at Jesus apart from what other people were saying about Him and formed his own opinion of the case, which was really big on his part. He questioned Jesus alone, His demeanor and words leading Pilate to believe He was innocent of any wrongdoing. To Him, Jesus was a charismatic religious miracle worker, and there is no law against that.

(242h) Kingdom of God >> Opposition toward the Kingdom of God >> Persecuting the kingdom >> Worldly pressure >> World pressures you to forsake your convictions -- These verses go with verses 12-16. Jesus said to His enemies at his mock trial after they asked Him if He was the Son of God, “You have said it yourself.” Jesus could have said the same to Pilate after he told the people, “I find no guilt in Him.” If he found no guilt in Him, then why did he deliver Him to be crucified? He did it to save his own neck; that is what mattered to Pilate. However, that doesn’t make Pilate a worse culprit than the rest of those involved in His crucifixion; in fact, Jesus said that those who delivered Him to Pilate (the Pharisees, Sadducees, etc.) had the greater sin. Hollywood and others depict Pilate as a terrible villain, but the fact is he confessed not to see any guilt in Jesus, whereas someone else in his position may have agreed with His enemies’ trumped-up charges as an instigator and rebel against the laws of Caesar. Instead, Pilate admitted to condemning an innocent man, not a good way to get ahead in life, but it was the truth and the truth mattered to Pilate, though he admitted he was a little foggy about the notion of truth.

Jn 19,5-8

(185b) Works of the devil >> The origin of lawlessness >> Mystery of lawlessness >> Having no grounds for your hate >> Hating Christ without a cause -- These verses go with verses 12-16

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6-8 So when the chief priests and the officers saw Him, they cried out saying, "Crucify, crucify!" Pilate said to them, "Take Him yourselves and crucify Him, for I find no guilt in Him." 7 The Jews answered him, "We have a law, and by that law He ought to die because He made Himself out to be the Son of God." 8 Therefore when Pilate heard this statement, he was even more afraid;


Jn 19,6-16

(155d) Witness >> Validity of the believer >> Witness of the believer >> Conscience >> An evil conscience keeps us from believing God >> Knowledge of evil testifies against our deeds

(197j) Denying Christ >> Man exercises his will against God >> Man withers when he is in control >> Unfaithfulness >> Unfaithful to your own conscience

Jn 19,6-12

(175b) Works of the devil >> The religion of witchcraft >> Form of godliness >> Using religion as a front – Pilate was caring for His own interests, having Jesus crucified to avoid a riot, being governor he appealed to Caesar as a man who could control the people. This was Pilate’s sin, and Jesus said he had less than the Jews. The Jews had the greater sin, because they were trying to protect their pride, whereas Pilate was only trying to protect his job. The Jews knew that the only way to find common ground with Jesus was to sacrifice their massive ego, and they were not about to do that, which is why the Jews had the greater sin. The fact that the Scriptures depict Pilate fearing God is a contrasted against the Jews who were religious leaders, while Pilate never claimed to be a worshipper of God.

Jn 19,6-8

(86d) Thy kingdom come >> Belief demands a response

Jn 19-6

(63i) Paradox >> Anomalies >> Sarcastic from being emotional >> Frustrated – Pilate was being sarcastic when he told the Jews to take Jesus and crucify Him themselves, because he knew the Jews had no authority to do this, since they were under Roman rule. Besides, if it were up to the Jews, they would have stoned Him, being their manner of execution, being far less gruesome than crucifixion.

Jn 19,7-16

(168h) Works of the devil >> Manifestations of the devil >> The world listens to itself >> The world hears it’s own words – Had a another man come whom the Jews would have accepted as the Son of God, he would have had to be the antichrist and a man of the world and speak the words of the world as they did. He would have found no fault in the Jews, but exalted them instead as leaders of Israel and led them to victory over their enemies, the Romans, to become the greatest nation in the world, essentially starting the thousand year reign of Christ. The Jews would have believed Him then, but this is not what the antichrist would have done. Had God sent Christ to begin His thousand-year reign, because of their competitive nature and their desire to be first, the Jews would have competed for His throne as King of the world. As it was, Jesus came as a humble servant and spoke a language that the Jews did not understand, a language that was not of this world, and everything He had to say about the Jews was criticism meant to condemn them to hell, and the Jews hated Him for it. Nevertheless, they could have repented and Jesus would have respected them, but that is not what reprobates do.

Jn 19,7-10

(90a) Thy kingdom come >> God convicts us >> Conviction leads us in the way of righteousness

Jn 19-7,8

(88h) Thy kingdom come >> Fear the judgment of God is the beginning of wisdom >> Fear the sovereign hand of God on your life – To say Pilate was more afraid means that he was already afraid, so when he learned that Jesus asserted to be the Son of God, it scared him even more. This highly suggests that Pilate feared God. He was afraid he was about to do something against God, namely crucify His Son. Meanwhile, the Jews had no fear of God at all, though they were religious leaders of God’s chosen nation. He was familiar with the religious establishment in Jerusalem, that they were the most depraved hypocrites he had ever met, and he had no respect for them. This was by no means his first controversy with them; rather, they pestered him as arbitrator with their incessant religious quibbling. According to Roman rule they were not allowed to practice their own law, so if they wanted arbitration, they would have to come to Pilate. He couldn’t stand these people and had grown accustomed to expecting the truth to be opposite of whatever they said, so when they argued that Jesus was the Son of God, Pilate immediately grew fearful that it was true of Him, just because they didn’t think so. The chief priests and Pharisees knew He was the Son of God but were unwilling to admit it.

(199j) Denying Christ >> Man chooses his own destiny apart from God >> Rejecting Christ >> Unwilling to receive Christ >> Rejecting Christ as the Messiah – When they said this to Pilate, they weren’t just talking about a single incident in Jesus’ mock trial when He confessed to be the Son of God; rather, they wanted to kill Him because they knew in themselves that He was the Son of God. Jesus was not the kind of Messiah they wanted; they preferred a rough and tumble Messiah who would take on their adversaries the Romans and overcome them and make the Jewish nation a world empire like Rome at the time, and they wanted to rule with Him. However, Jesus never came close to doing anything like this. The fact is, Satan controlled these people and Satan is unwilling to accept anyone ruling with greater power and authority than his own. Satan’s goal is to be God, and the chief priests and Pharisees were his servants and had the same sentiments and goals of their master, so even if Jesus was the type of Messiah they wanted, they still would not have accepted Him, because they could not accept anyone greater than themselves, and this was the real reason they brought Jesus to Pilate. His influence would have obviously increased until He overshadowed them, and their position would have been abolished. They saw the handwriting on the wall, and this was the reason they wanted Jesus crucified: they were trying to protect their position. How many times do we see this in the world today, people protecting their positions at the cost of the truth? They didn’t even bother to consider the truth; all that mattered to them is their power and prestige in society.

Jn 19-7

(166a) Works of the devil >> Manifestations of the devil >> Wisdom of the world >> Man’s wisdom excuses his sinful nature >> Man’s wisdom rationalizes his sin

(173j) Man’s Religion (Key verse)

(173k) Works of the devil >> The religion of witchcraft >> Man’s Religion >> Deeds that are not initiated by God >> Traditions of men

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9-11 and he entered into the Praetorium again and said to Jesus, "Where are You from?" But Jesus gave him no answer. 10 So Pilate said to Him, "You do not speak to me? Do You not know that I have authority to release You, and I have authority to crucify You?" 11 Jesus answered, "You would have no authority over Me, unless it had been given you from above; for this reason he who delivered Me to you has the greater sin."


Jn 19,9-11

(94g) Thy kingdom come >> God’s perspective >> His perspective on the sovereignty of God

(241d) Kingdom of God >> Opposition toward the Kingdom of God >> Hindering the kingdom >> Obstacles in the way of the kingdom >> Ask but don’t receive >> Getting an answer that is not in your will – Jesus was waiting for Pilate to ask him a good question, behaving like a king and choosing the questions He would answer, even though He was standing in front of a man who was about the condemn Him to death. Anybody else would have been more congenial, begging for mercy on his knees. 

Jn 19-9,10

(175l) Works of the devil >> The religion of witchcraft >> Ignorance >> Lack of knowledge – Pilate knew less about Jesus as a miracle worker and far less about Old Testament prophecies regarding the Messiah that predicted a man would come one day and demonstrate many of the characteristics that Jesus portrayed. The plethora of Old Testament prophecies about Messiah were divided between Jesus who came 2000 years ago as the Lamb of God and Jesus' second coming at the end of this age, two different periods separated by millennia, yet the chief priests and Pharisees saw them as describing a single event in reference to the coming age. One set of prophecies refers to a lowly man who comes in the weakness of human flesh, while the other set of prophecies refers to Messiah as a great conqueror. How did they expect this lowly man to also be their great conqueror? Jesus could be the lowly Lamb of God and a great conqueror because God is many-sided; He wears many hats, and chose to reveal one side of Himself before He revealed the other. He separated the events by thousands of years to punctuate the difference between His humility and His power to subject all things to Himself. Instead of expecting us to merely accept the fact that this great conqueror is also lowly and humble, He chose to reveal His humility in this age, and He calls us to assume His attributes that we might practice the personality of Jesus. He wants us to understand that He is a mighty conqueror through His humility and lowliness of heart, that He could not conqueror his enemies without these attributes; otherwise He would be just another ogre like Satan. God is revealing to us that He is the exact opposite of Satan, that He overcomes His enemies by their own wickedness and by His humility and lowliness of heart. He is not just overcoming His enemies; He is overcoming evil.

Jn 19-9

(79c) Thy kingdom come >> Renewing your mind >> Compromising your convictions -- This verse goes with verses 12-16

(222g) Kingdom of God >> The elusive Kingdom of Heaven >> Do not give what is holy to dogs >> God shares no intimacy with dogs >> God does not speak to dogs – What was Jesus supposed to say? Had Jesus confessed to be the Son of God, Pilate simply would not have believed Him. Actually it was more believable of Him after He said nothing, since that is what someone like the Son of God would have done. He didn’t need Pilate to believe in Him, but had He been anybody else, it would have been important to him that Pilate believed in him, and he would have been fighting for his life, trying to make a defense. Jesus didn’t defend Himself, for doing so would have made Him contemptible. Pilate had no choice but to crucify the Lord, unless of course he really believed in Jesus. It would have taken Pilate a lot of faith to sacrifice his own position, for a riot would have resulted, Jesus would have been murdered anyway, and he would have been fired. All his work he had invested to get this far would have been for nothing. Pilate didn’t even know Jesus; He no doubt heard about Him, but that was it. How was he supposed to sacrifice his career to protect Jesus under those circumstances?

Jn 19-10,11

(217b) Sovereignty >> God overrides the will of man >> God’s will over man >> God Is Independent Of His Creation >> No one can tell God what to do – Now it was Jesus’ turn to be incredulous to Pilate. Jesus told him that he would have no authority unless God had given it to him, which is a universal statement that is true for everyone. Pilate was a special person prepared by God before the foundation of the world to take on Jesus’ case. He was placed in a position of consternation to condemn the Son of God from ignorance and from the Jews’ force of will against him.

Jn 19-11

(48h) Judgment >> Levels of judgment >> Judged according to your type of sin – Jesus stood before Pilate and told him that the chief priests, Scribes and Pharisees had the greater sin, because they are the ones who delivered him to Pilate. The religious leaders of Israel arrested Him and brought Him to Pilate demanding His death, trumping up charges against Him that He never did, and for this reason Jesus said that Pilate had the lesser sin. This indicates that there are levels of judgment. We know that God is the judge of all creation, and that He has appointed His Son to judge the world in righteousness, and this will happen on the day of the White Throne Judgment when the wicked dead stand before Him and are judged for the crimes they committed against God, crimes against His authority, against His sovereignty and position as king of the universe. They did not give Him His rightful place in their lives or in their hearts, so to the degree that they rejected Him and held Him in contempt as their creator will be the degree of their judgment.

(66k) Authority >> Lordship of Christ >> Jesus’ authority >> He has authority over man

(71h) Authority >> Ordained by God >> Ordained by His sovereign will >> God chooses to work in you – The statement that Jesus made to Pilate, that he “would have no authority over Him unless it were given him from above” was very humiliating. This suggested that he was destined to be in this position at this time to give his ruling, not as a result of anything Pilate did. Pilate obviously had certain talents in order to receive his position in the first place; he was able to pull strings, make things happen and cause people to believe in his ability to lead, but in spite of all this, it was God’s foreknowledge that got him poised over the Lord. This was Pilate’s main purpose in life to condemn Jesus to the cross, even as John the Baptist’s was to baptize Him. The way the ruling happened was that it turned into a choice between the Lord and Barabbas, and he allowed the people to choose, so it was not Pilate’s decision. Pilate therefore in that sense was not at fault. The only alternative that Pilate had was to not give the Jews what they wanted, which would have caused a riot, and Jesus would have been killed anyway, and so going in that direction was a no-win situation. At least this way Pilate avoided a riot.

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12-18 As a result of this Pilate made efforts to release Him, but the Jews cried out saying, "If you release this Man, you are no friend of Caesar; everyone who makes himself out to be a king opposes Caesar." 13 Therefore when Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus out, and sat down on the judgment seat at a place called The Pavement, but in Hebrew, Gabbatha. 14 Now it was the day of preparation for the Passover; it was about the sixth hour. And he said to the Jews, "Behold, your King!" 15 So they cried out, "Away with Him, away with Him, crucify Him!" Pilate said to them, "Shall I crucify your King?" The chief priests answered, "We have no king but Caesar." 16 So he then handed Him over to them to be crucified. 17 They took Jesus, therefore, and He went out, bearing His own cross, to the place called the Place of a Skull, which is called in Hebrew, Golgotha. 18 There they crucified Him, and with Him two other men, one on either side, and Jesus in between.


Jn 19,12-18

(209j) Salvation >> The salvation of God >> Jesus is our sacrifice >> Jesus paid the price for us >> Jesus is the lamb of God >> The Great High Priest offered up Himself – Jesus was the Passover lamb; He was the lamb that they would kill and eat, representing the lamb commanded by Moses for the long journey out of Egypt. They took some of the lamb’s blood and smeared it on the doorpost so when the angel of death visited, he would see the blood and pass over their domicile, and go to the house that didn’t have the signet blood and destroy the firstborn of that household. It says they ate the lamb quickly; there wasn’t much time; God was about to deliver Israel from the Egyptians. The moment had come for their freedom, so they took Jesus and immediately nailed Him to a cross. Passover was the next day, and they were not allowed to keep bodies hanging on the cross or any tree, and they took Him down dead. When they celebrated Passover, did anyone make the connection between the imagery of the celebration and what they did to Jesus the day before? God made a way for the Israelites to cross the Red Sea on dry land, and on the other side was about a week’s journey to the promise land with God protecting them and supplying their needs. This is iconic of the new covenant and the Christian, who have the blood of Christ smeared on the doorpost of their hearts. That word “smear” is associated with the anointing, for the word literally means to smear. We smear the blood of Jesus on the doorpost of our bodies, at the entrance of our house, the windows of the soul. We can see that the blood of Jesus has been applied to our brothers and sisters in Christ; the evidence is in our eyes, and we are on a journey from a previous life of bondage to a new one of freedom, being directed by God, not wandering in the wilderness through disobedience, but on a beeline to the promise land, flowing with milk and honey, the freedom of the Spirit. All these things Jesus did for us, and God the Father planned it all through His great love for us.

Jn 19,12-16

(17h) Sin >> Judging in the flesh >> Passing judgment without seeking truth -- These verses go with verse 1. This statement the Jews made must have shocked Pilate so much that he just let Jesus go. He couldn’t believe what he was hearing from the chief priest who had so little concern about this man who claimed to be Israel's Messiah. Why couldn't they consider it as a real possibility? They had preconceived notions as to what kind of man He would present Himself. Jesus came as a servant of man, whereas the Jewish leaders were looking for a man who would deliver them from their enemies. Pilate on his part was in favor of believing that Jesus was in fact the Son of God, because it struck fear in him when he heard. Pilate viewed Jesus outside the Jewish community as one having a more objective opinion, and it allowed him to be more open-minded about Jesus.

(18i) Sin >> Twisted thinking >> Unable to distinguish between good and evil >> God’s purpose is evil

(75l) Thy kingdom come >> Motives >> Being manipulative >> Creating a no-win situation

(76h) Thy kingdom come >> Motives >> Living by a double standard -- These verses go with verse 1

(79c) Thy kingdom come >> Renewing your mind >> Compromising your convictions -- These verses go with verses 4-6

(160j) Works of the devil >> Essential characteristics >> Satan’s attitude determines our direction >> Temptation to walk in unbelief >> Tempted to abandon your convictions

(168c) Works of the devil >> Manifestations of the devil >> Do not conform to the world >> Do not conform to the world’s rejection of God – The Jews might say that God had made them a target ever since He chose them as He nation to uphold His name, but the fact is God would have fought all of Israel’s battles for them, had they only been willing to fight for his cause. They want to serve a God that would condone their lusts and desires and accept their murderous hatred and their bitterness and their petty jealousies, and they wanted to serve a God that would fight for their causes instead of having to fight for His cause. They were tired of God commanding them to relinquish their visions, their aspirations, their own desires and their own ideas to adopt God’s vision and purpose for their lives, just like Abraham did. God wanted a nation of people who believed in Him like Abraham did, who would go anywhere with Him and do anything for Him, and this is basically how God had been treating Israel since Abraham; He inducted them into service without asking their permission. God in turn promised to protect them and provide them with everything they would ever need in order to accomplish His objectives, and they would be the happier for serving God, but they just refused to do it, and in the end Israel rejected Jesus Christ, their own God. However, God does have a plan still for Israel, in the last days they are going to lead the Great Endtime Revival that will incorporate billions of people, and God will eventually have His way.

(169j) Works of the devil >> Manifestations of the devil >> Seeking the glory of man >> Loving the approval of men rather than the approval of God >> Fearing their religion -- These verses go with verse 1

(174j) Works of the devil >> The religion of witchcraft >> Form of godliness >> Form of godliness but denying the truth -- These verses go with verses 19-22

(185b) Works of the devil >> The origin of lawlessness >> Mystery of lawlessness >> Having no grounds for your hate >> Hating Christ without a cause -- These verses go with verses 5-8

(199h) Denying Christ >> Man chooses his own destiny apart from God >> Rejecting Christ >> The world rejects God >> Rejecting Christ to keep the world – Pilate must have been flabbergasted by the words coming from the Jews, essentially condemning their own souls and disavowing their own Messiah, recanting any semblance of faith, just so they wouldn’t have to serve a God they detested, as though their rich heritage throughout the millennia never happened. The Jews made the statement that if God whom their nation had been so-called serving for the last couple millennia is like Jesus, then they didn’t want Him. They didn’t like Jesus nor the God that chose Abraham and his descendents. They acted as though they were just another people who had no history with God.

(242h) Kingdom of God >> Opposition toward the Kingdom of God >> Persecuting the kingdom >> Worldly pressure >> World pressures you to forsake your convictions -- These verses go with verses 19-22

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Jn 19-12

(23b) Sin >> Pride can blind your eyes

(165e) Works of the devil >> Manifestations of the devil >> Do not partake of the world >> Do not desire the treasures of the world

Jn 19-15

(195b) Denying Christ >> Man exercises his will against God >> Idolatry >> Serving two masters >> You can only serve one at a time – Israel has always wanted to be like the world; they never acted like they wanted to be God’s chosen people. Someone who has billions of dollars will not be like everybody else; it’s okay though to be different that way, but to be different because you’re living for God seems to be something that people just don’t want to do. People are willing to be different so long as it doesn’t involve a change in nature. People feel the need to integrate their inner self with their outer self, their souls knitted to their flesh and their flesh knitted to this carnal world, but to be different in nature makes them conspicuous, which makes them feel vulnerable. Essentially, it makes them feel like a freak. People will get Mohawks, color their hair in strange pastels, get piercings all over their bodies, tattoos, etc., all to look conspicuous, so why don’t they want God to make them a peculiar people? 1Pet 2-9 says, “But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light.” They don’t like contrasting natures warring against their flesh, but prefer to wait hand and foot on their carnal needs and their fleshly whimsical desires. Man loves war; they take up arms and shoot one another for the smallest causes so long as it remains in the natural realm, but why don’t they want to get involved in the good fight? The Pharisees and the scribes and the chief priest and all who refuse to believe in Jesus want to worship a God that allows them to live according to the dictates of their flesh. They want to serve the creature, because they think that way they're serving themselves, but one day their bodies will die and they will live on, proving that they are not the fleshly creatures of our bodies. 

Jn 19-16

(244j) Kingdom of God >> Spirit realm imposed on the natural realm >> Literal manifestations >> Literal manifestation of God’s word >> His cross is the manifestation of truth -- This verse goes with verse 1


19-24 Pilate also wrote an inscription and put it on the cross. It was written, "JESUS THE NAZARENE, THE KING OF THE JEWS." 20 Therefore many of the Jews read this inscription, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written in Hebrew, Latin and in Greek. 21 So the chief priests of the Jews were saying to Pilate, "Do not write, 'The King of the Jews '; but that He said, 'I am King of the Jews.' " 22 Pilate answered, "What I have written I have written." 23 Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took His outer garments and made four parts, a part to every soldier and also the tunic; now the tunic was seamless, woven in one piece. 24 So they said to one another, "Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it, to decide whose it shall be"; this was to fulfill the Scripture: "THEY DIVIDED MY OUTER GARMENTS AMONG THEM, AND FOR MY CLOTHING THEY CAST LOTS."


Jn 19,19-22

(89k) Thy kingdom come >> God convicts us of sin >> Conviction makes us conscious of sin

(150ca) Witness >> Validity of Jesus Christ >> Works of the Church bear witness to Jesus >> Confessing Jesus to be saved >> Confessing Jesus as the Son of God – Some say that we will never see Pilate in heaven because he had Jesus crucified, but they are missing the point in that he was no guiltier than the rest of us. Jn 6-53 says, “…unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink His blood, you have no life in yourselves.” We all needed Jesus to be sacrificed in order to partake of Him, and since it was the predetermined plan of God, the person in charge of the proceedings was merely doing his job. Jesus was predestined from the foundation of the world to be crucified, so was Pilate supposed to overturn God? Not even Satan can do that! No indeed, Pilate got saved that day as he did what he was supposed to do, the only thing that he could do. Pilate was not called to sacrifice himself or his career; he was called to sacrifice the King of the Jews. There were two sinners that were crucified next to Jesus, one on either side; they didn’t need Pilate up there with them too. He believed in Jesus; he even nailed his confession of faith to the cross above His head for all to see. The Jews tried to make him change his confession, but Pilate wouldn’t budge, his faith being tested that very day. Paul said in Rom 10-9, “If you confess with your mouth Jesus as Lord, and believe in your heart that God raised Him from the dead, you will be saved.” Isn’t that what Pilate did when he wrote his inscription and placed it over Jesus’ head?

(156j) Witness >> Validity of the believer >> Evidence of salvation >> You will know them by their words – Pilate may have done a few things to make one wonder if we will ever see Him in heaven, but this inscription that he placed above Jesus’ head makes up for nearly any blunder. In verse 3, when he asked the Lord whether He was the king of the Jews, He answered, “It is as you say.” It appears that Pilate actually understood what He was saying, writing the inscription above Him denoting his faith. So, he did get it right. He transposed those two words from “Are you…?” to “You are the king of the Jews,” converting his question to a statement of faith, suggesting that Pilate was indeed saved.

(173j) Works of the devil >> The religion of witchcraft >> Catholicism >> Unholy sacrifice >> Penance of lip service

(174j) Works of the devil >> The religion of witchcraft >> Form of godliness >> Form of godliness but denying the truth -- These verses go with verses 12-16

(242h) Kingdom of God >> Opposition toward the Kingdom of God >> Persecuting the kingdom >> Worldly pressure >> World pressures you to forsake your convictions -- These verses go with verse 1

Jn 19,21-22

(166c) Works of the devil >> Manifestations of the devil >> Wisdom of the world >> Man’s wisdom excuses his sinful nature >> Man’s wisdom wants to earn his ticket to heaven

Jn 19-23,24

(141f) Witness >> Validity of Jesus Christ >> Old Testament bears witness to the new >> It bears witness to Jesus >> Prophesy about Jesus’ death -- These verses go with verse 28. Talk about the predestined plan of God, the vast majority of Jesus’ cross was formerly written by the prophets centuries before it happened. Some hold to prophecy as that which affords them the strongest faith to believe in Jesus, the fact that it was written beforehand. This is the purpose of prophecy, to increase our faith. Fulfilled prophecy not only points out certain events as acts of God, but it also shows the greatness of God in that He knows everything from the beginning. This not only strengthens our faith in God that He exists, but also that He can help us. He always knows the best thing to do, and it is never what we expect or what we would do, which is the reason we should consult God about our lives, what we should do with it, for if we decide on our own, we might do good things for God, but we won’t do great things. Even if we think our works are great, He won’t feel the same, because we didn’t do His will. God considers us to achieve greatness when we do what He called us to do, because then we will have listened for the voice of His Holy Spirit and done what He said, and that is greatness in the eyes of God; the works themselves are secondary. What matters to God is that we bother to listen to Him and desire to integrate into His plan.

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25-30 Therefore the soldiers did these things. But standing by the cross of Jesus were His mother, and His mother's sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. 26 When Jesus then saw His mother, and the disciple whom He loved standing nearby, He said to His mother, "Woman, behold, your son!" 27 Then He said to the disciple, "Behold, your mother!" From that hour the disciple took her into his own household. 28 After this, Jesus, knowing that all things had already been accomplished, to fulfill the Scripture, said, "I am thirsty." 29 A jar full of sour wine was standing there; so they put a sponge full of the sour wine upon a branch of hyssop and brought it up to His mouth. 30 Therefore when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, "It is finished!" And He bowed His head and gave up His spirit.


Jn 19,25-27

(36m) Gift of God >> Adopted >> We are adopted in the flesh 

(73i) Authority >> Respect authority in the family >> Respect your mother and Father – Jesus trusted John with His mother and even more with His gospel. To take in Mary would seem an inconvenience, since John was rarely home; after all, he was a missionary. Mary was a godly woman, but in no way went with John on his missionary adventures, though it doesn’t say that John went very far, not like Paul. No doubt he was often called from the home for lengthy periods in ministry, but Mary didn’t sit at home by herself with nothing to do, for there were other people there tending to her, while she stayed busy with her own ministry tending to the saints. John’s house was no doubt a hub for missionaries and other believers who traveled, and she would lodge them and feed them. John remained in Jerusalem until 70 AD, the time of the Jewish dispersion. We would think that living in John’s residence would be a risky endeavor, since the apostles were targets for both Roman and Jewish persecution, but who else better to take care of Mary than the disciple whom Jesus loved? The question of money is answered by the donations that people contributed to the cause of the gospel. People freely gave as they could, and since there was virtually no overhead back then, no church mortgages and no pastor salaries; virtually all the donated money was used in ministry, sponsoring the apostles and those who served fulltime. When the saints were hunted like dogs, there was no better person than John who could hear the voice of the Holy Spirit telling him what to do and where to go in order to avoid danger.

Jn 19-26,27

(130h) Thy kingdom come >> Manifestations of faith >> Unity >> Committed to caring for the needs of the body >> Commitment stimulates intimate bonding In heaven wouldn’t it be nice to be someone that Jesus loved like John said Jesus loved Him, so that we occasionally received special attention from the Lord; to what extent would we commit ourselves to God to receive this kind of status in heaven? It would be worth this temporal life of 70 or 80 years! Many people in the Church shun heavenly rewards, but this is just an excuse to avoid committing themselves to their faith in Jesus. It was probably true that Jesus loved John the most, because he understood Jesus better than the other disciples. However Mary Madeline and Mary, the sister of Martha and Lazarus unquestionably understood Jesus better than any of His disciples, including John. They had a revelation of Him, and they took His identity to heart to the point of publicly worshipping Him. Mary Magdalene was like a groupie to Jesus, like some groupies follow rock bands. She loved the Lord like no one else, but John took it upon himself and claimed that Jesus loved him like no one else.

Jn 19-26

(208f) Salvation >> The salvation of God >> Personal relationship >> Being the friend of God >> Relationship with God through obedience >> We are His friends if we keep His commandments – Throughout John’s discourse he spoke of himself as the disciple whom Jesus loved. This was a transparent effort to be humble, but in fact John was extremely proud of the Lord’s affections. When we think of God’s great love for mankind that He sent His only Son to die for us, yet to point out a certain person and say that He especially loved him, it must have felt like John's greatest accomplishment. When John claimed that Jesus loved him, he was referring to a phileo kind of love, the love of a friend (though when we look up the word, it reads agape). God loves everybody the same with His agape love, but Jesus loved John as a friend, and this tickled John so much that he had to brag about it to everybody who would read his gospel. Jesus said in Jn 15-14, "You are My friends if you do what I command you." John was the friend of Jesus because he was most obedient of the twelve, the most faithful and insightful, so John’s boast was not an empty one. He was also a participant of all the recorded disputes that the disciples had regarding who was greatest, and it appears this conquest between them never fully died. John also was present amidst all the recorded special events, such as the Transfiguration and the prayer in Gethsemane; He was one of Jesus’ three closest disciples, despite his fleshly pursuit of greatness. After recognizing and appreciating the Lord’s choice of him, he was not about to make the foolish move of allowing pride to seep into his writing of the gospel.

Jn 19,28-30

(44a) Judgment >> Satan destroyed >> Complete >> It is finished >> Fulfill God’s will – The sacrifice for the sins of mankind was finished, and now Satan is finished, and sin and its rule will one day be finished, and man in his corruption leading to bondage will one day be finished, and this natural realm will one day be finished. All things will submit to God as a direct result of Jesus’ cross and to His power to subject all things to Himself (Phi 3-20,21). All things being subject to God are now through Christ after He has sacrificed His flesh for the sake of His beloved people, but at the same time the Bible teaches that the Kingdom of God has just begun. When Jesus said, “It is finished,” in a way He meant, ‘It has begun.’ He finished the works that God had given Him to do, but the things He did started something else, the Church, and the Church represents the beginning of God’s kingdom on earth, a kingdom that will never end, and that kingdom is already here in its infancy.

Jn 19-28 

(141f) Witness >> Validity of Jesus Christ >> Old Testament bears witness to the new >> It bears witness to Jesus >> Prophesy about Jesus’ death -- This verse goes with verses 31-37. Jesus said, “I am thirsty,” so if He didn’t say that, then that prophecy would not have come to pass and the scriptures would have been broken, but when we read the Old Testament prophets, many of the things written about Jesus we wouldn’t have known to attribute to Christ, because it doesn’t read, ‘The Messiah will say, ….’ How did Jesus know this was a prophecy that He was supposed to fulfill? Jesus feverishly sought the knowledge of God, not just to prepare for his ministry, but being driven by the Holy Spirit, He dedicated His life to His Father at a very early age. Being the word of God incarnate, He had an affinity for the Scriptures. He knew precisely which passages He had to fulfill and memorized them and their locations; therefore in order to fulfill prophecy, He said, “I am thirsty.” Some people might call that force-filling prophecy, but Jesus would call it knowing what the Scripture says and doing it, and the prophets would call it knowing that Messiah would one day read their writings and commit them to memory and fulfill them in their proper time. There was nothing wrong with the Messiah force-filling prophecy, for if any one else would have fulfilled them, it wouldn’t have counted, thus making the prophecies special and unique, and no doubt Jesus said He was thirsty many times throughout His life and never fulfilled that prophecy until He was crucified; then everything He said and did was a fulfillment of prophecy, and it wasn’t Jesus who was most responsible for fulfilling prophecy as much as sinners who nailed Him to the cross.

Jn 19-29,30

(184h) Works of the devil >> The origin of lawlessness >> Abusing the grace of God >> Spending His grace on your pleasures >> Abusing the anointing – Jesus had been drinking wine during the breaking of the bread since the onset of His ministry. In the upper room He took communion with His disciples for the last time. Wine has always represented good times; it represents grapes, and grapes represent rain, and rain represents a land flowing with milk and honey. Drinking the right amount of wine can make the heart merry, and there is nothing wrong with that; in fact, the purpose of the wine at communion is to help us remember that the gift of the Holy Spirit makes us merry, being one of the fruits of the Spirit, joy. Therefore, it is no surprise that at Jesus’ crucifixion they served Him wine, but sour wine, vinegar, representing the event of death. Anyone’s death is sour; it is never graced with joy and happiness; it turns every household into mourning when a good man dies. Therefore, the vinegar they give Him at the moment of Christ’s death represents His anointing, which was the very reason they hung Him on the cross in the first place, and now it had gone sour.

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31-42 Then the Jews, because it was the day of preparation, so that the bodies would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day ), asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away. 32 So the soldiers came, and broke the legs of the first man and of the other who was crucified with Him; 33 but coming to Jesus, when they saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. 34 But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out. 35 And he who has seen has testified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you also may believe. 36 For these things came to pass to fulfill the Scripture, "NOT A BONE OF HIM SHALL BE BROKEN." 37 And again another Scripture says, "THEY SHALL LOOK ON HIM WHOM THEY PIERCED." 38 After these things Joseph of Arimathea, being a disciple of Jesus, but a secret one for fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus; and Pilate granted permission. So he came and took away His body. 39 Nicodemus, who had first come to Him by night, also came, bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds weight. 40 So they took the body of Jesus and bound it in linen wrappings with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews. 41 Now in the place where He was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb in which no one had yet been laid. 42 Therefore because of the Jewish day of preparation, since the tomb was nearby, they laid Jesus there.


Jn 19,31-37

(141f) Witness >> Validity of Jesus Christ >> Old Testament bears witness to the new >> It bears witness to Jesus >> Prophesy about Jesus’ death -- These verses go with verses 23&24. One of the benefits of scourging Jesus so severely was that He died early, so they didn’t have to break His legs, which fulfilled the prophecy about Him, “Not a bone in his body was broken;” rather, all of His wounds were to His flesh. In fact, they nailed Him to the cross between His radius and ulna bones of his wrist. The prophecy, “They shall look on Him whom they pierced,” has to do with those who stood around Jesus while He was being crucified, but it also has to do with those who are alive on the earth at His second coming who will look upon Him whom they pierced. There is even a tertiary meaning, not that we must choose between them to decide which is true, for they are all simultaneously true. Those who were present at His crucifixion, whether they are in heaven or in hell, will look upon Him whom they pierced, who comes riding on a white horse in victory over sin to set up His thousand-year reign on the earth.

Jn 19-31

(19j) Sin >> Self righteousness will twist your mind

(174d) Works of the devil >> The religion of witchcraft >> Form of godliness >> Self righteousness >> Trying to please God by your own good works

Jn 19-34

(38a) Judgment >> Blood of Jesus >> God judged the devil through the blood of His son

(111d) Thy kingdom come >> Faith >> Spirit and the word >> Water and the word – When they pierced his side and water came out with blood, this indicated that He was dead. Fluid surrounding the heart builds up pressure so it cannot expand as the heart tries to fill with blood and pump it through the arteries, a condition known as congestive heart failure, suggesting that of all the torture He endured, in the end He died of a broken heart. The water that came out of the wound made by the spear through the heart is symbolic of the anointing. The blood represented His earthly life in the flesh and the water represented the promise of the Spirit that He would send at Pentecost as a direct result of the cross. Metaphorically speaking then, even while still on the cross, his blood was already turning into water in anticipation of God’s vision of filling His children with the Holy Spirit and clothing them with His power. Jesus in His fleshly form 2000 years ago fulfilled His 3½-year ministry preaching the gospel and performing miracles along the way, until He reached Jerusalem and sacrificed Himself for the sins of the world. After His resurrection and ascension He sent the Holy Spirit who would take His place among the people of God to do a better job of revealing the Father to His people and leading them into His will than Jesus ever did. The Holy Spirit is now with every Christian as though Jesus were present with them.

Jn 19,35-38

(66j) Authority >> Jesus’ authority >> His words are the authority of God

Jn 19,38-42

(14e) Servant >> Ministry of helps >> Being in charge of the details – See Mat 27,57-61 for commentary. 

(136e) Temple >> Your spirit is the temple of God >> The body of Christ >> Jesus’ fleshly body >> The flesh of Jesus’ sacrifice

Jn 19-39,40

(174a) Works of the devil >> The religion of witchcraft >> Man’s religion >> Good traditions (Exception to bad religion) >> Good customs – This topic is about good customs as an exception to bad religion. Jesus spoke against the traditions of men on various occasions and condemned them. People use the traditions of men like a cruise control so they can take their foot off the pedal and just steer. This doesn’t mean every tradition is wrong or bad; there are many customs and traditions that are good, and this passage is an example of one. The people came with their aloes and myrrh and knew exactly what to do to prepare the body for burial from customs and traditions taught for generations.

(189a) Die to self (Process of substitution) >> Separation from the old man >> Holy sacrifice >> The smell of death >> Priestly anointing perfume of sacrifice – Before Jesus died, a woman broke an alabaster vial of very costly perfume over His head (Mat 26-7; Mk 14-3), so he had a fragrance shortly before He was crucified. 2Cor 2-15,16 says, “For we are a fragrance of Christ to God among those who are being saved and among those who are perishing; to the one an aroma from death to death, to the other an aroma from life to life. And who is adequate for these things?” Then, before they buried Him they added more fragrances to His body, so after His resurrection people could smell Him coming for a block. This was partly how His disciples recognized Him after the resurrection, though He often changed His form whenever He appeared to them, raising the suggestion also that heaven has a similar fragrance, where Jesus was heading at His ascension. 






Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible ® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. 



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1-4 Now on the first day of the week Mary Magdalene came early to the tomb, while it was still dark, and saw the stone already taken away from the tomb. 2 So she ran and came to Simon Peter and to the other disciple whom Jesus loved, and said to them, "They have taken away the Lord out of the tomb, and we do not know where they have laid Him." 3 So Peter and the other disciple went forth, and they were going to the tomb. 4 The two were running together; and the other disciple ran ahead faster than Peter and came to the tomb first;


Jn 20,1-23

(39d) Judgment >> Jesus defeated death >> Witnesses of Jesus’ resurrection -- These verses go with verses 26-30. It says that John, the disciple whom Jesus loved, beat Peter to the tomb, suggesting that He was in better shape, perhaps taller with longer legs, more of an athlete, whereas Peter may have been short and stocky. It says that John peered into the tomb and saw that Jesus’ body was not there, but when Peter finally arrived, He actually went into the tomb, and probably touched the bed where his body once laid and took the linen wrappings and facecloth in His hands and may have even smelled them, suggesting that Peter was a man who incorporated all his senses in the learning process; he had a kinesthetic leaning style. John only had to look and see for himself, meaning that he trusted his sense of sight (though he eventually entered the tomb also). Peter wanted to get all his senses involved in the final determination that Jesus was no longer in that tomb, because he didn’t want any questions later rising in his mind. Peter wanted absolute proof, and what do they say in a court of law about that? Based on two or more witness every fact can be confirmed! Peter was using each sense, the sense of sight, the sense of touch and the sense of smell as independent witnesses. After a person has been dead for three days, going on the fourth day, it said about Lazarus that there was already a stench. It doesn’t say, but there was probably no smell of death there, because everything about the death of Christ had been forgotten, even the smell of his would be decaying corpse was erased from time and memory. There was no longer a trace of Jesus having died, except the scars on His back, the nail holes in his hands and the hole in His side where they pierced Him with a sword.

Jn 20,2-10

(78a) Thy kingdom come >> God ministers to people through the humble >> The humble are invisible to men, but God sees them

(208k) Salvation >> The salvation of God >> Personal relationship >> Being married to God >> Emotional relationship – John was Jesus’ favorite apostle. He called himself the disciple whom Jesus loved in the gospel of John. Part of that was on an emotional level. They got along well; they were friends. More than that, though, Jesus loved John because he was interested in the person of Jesus Christ like no other apostle. This is evidenced by the other three gospels, which mostly spoke about mans relationship with God through Christ, about the miracles Jesus performed and about His parables. However, John spoke mostly about Jesus’ relationship with the Father, which led to sending the Holy Spirit for mankind to interface with Him as our relationship with God. That is what Jesus came to do. The other three gospels told what Jesus said and did, while the gospel of John examined why He went to the cross. Jn 14-6 encapsulates everything John loved about Jesus, “I am the way the truth and the life, no one comes to the Father but through me.”

Jn 20,3-6

(101c) Thy kingdom come >> Zeal >> For the manifestation of God’s kingdom >> Zealous for God’s works

(194c) Die to self (Process of substitution) >> Turn from sin to God >> Run to God >> Running to meet Jesus prior to His visitation

(233h) Kingdom of God >> Pursuing the kingdom >> Seeking the glory of God >> Seek His glory without wavering >> Seek His glory by faith

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5-10 and stooping and looking in, he saw the linen wrappings lying there; but he did not go in. 6 And so Simon Peter also came, following him, and entered the tomb; and he saw the linen wrappings lying there, 7 and the face-cloth which had been on His head, not lying with the linen wrappings, but rolled up in a place by itself. 8 So the other disciple who had first come to the tomb then also entered, and he saw and believed. 9 For as yet they did not understand the Scripture, that He must rise again from the dead. 10 So the disciples went away again to their own homes.


Jn 20,5-8

(41i) Judgment >> Satan destroyed >> Be like Jesus >> Be godly in all your behavior – Jesus didn’t pitch his burial garb in a corner of the tomb, but nicely rolled the face cloth in a place by itself, showing order. They say that cleanliness is next to godliness; even though that is a fallacy, yet there is an association. Cleanliness does not cause godliness, but godliness does cause cleanliness. Keeping your house clean does not guarantee you eternal life, but godly people should not be slobs in the way they live.

Jn 20-9

(39a) Judgment >> Jesus defeated death >> Resurrection of Jesus Christ – The resurrection is the miracle that God came to give mankind, the miracle of everlasting life, for that which God raises from the dead never dies again. Jesus performed many miracles, but the only one that really mattered was the one that His Father did, raising His Son from the dead. With that, He will use Christ to resurrect every body that was ever born in this world, and those who have believed in Him to eternal life. The resurrection of Jesus Christ is the ultimate manifestation of victory over sin and death. His resurrection represented the fact that Jesus never committed a single sin, which is how God was able to raise Him from the dead. The resurrection itself represented not just a theoretical victory over death, but a literal one. The finality of death has been overcome by the finality of the resurrection, its finality being defined by everlasting life, for we shall never die again.

(141g) Witness >> Validity of Jesus Christ >> Old Testament bears witness to the new >> It bears witness to Jesus >> Prophesy about Jesus’ resurrection

(175f) Works of the devil >> The religion of witchcraft >> Ignorance >> Dodging the issue (willful ignorance) >> Evading the word of God – What was it about the resurrection that the disciples didn’t understand? Jesus didn’t have a Bible study with them and pull out the Old Testament Scriptures and show them while He was still alive in the flesh that He was destined for the cross and later to rise from the dead, but He did tell them many times, stating it emphatically. Prior to His death they didn’t understand that this was supposed to happen to Him, and now they were seeing evidence of His resurrection, and they were beginning to believe in Him, but until then they didn’t understand. Mk 8-31 says, “And He began to teach them that the Son of Man must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders and the chief priests and the scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise again.” Why didn’t they know about these things after Jesus told them? He didn’t talk to them in parables or in secret code or in a manner they weren’t supposed to understand, but told them plainly that he was going to die and on the third day rise from the dead. In a sense they didn’t even hear what He said, though literally they did. They stood right in front of Him and looked right at Him when he spoke; they saw his lips moving and heard the sound of His voice, but could not perceive His words, why? There were demonic forces at work; it says this knowledge was taken from them, just like Jesus taught in the parable of the sower, “some seeds fell beside the road and the birds came and ate them up” (Mat 13-4). If this happened to them, then it happens to us too, and note that the demons were so arrogant as to do this right in front of Jesus to His own disciples, and Jesus was helpless to do anything about it, why? The demons had every right to do this, in that they were using the willful ignorance of the disciples to blind their eyes to the truth. It gets scary when we start wondering what we too don’t understand about the Scriptures that spiritual darkness has blinded our eyes from understanding. For the disciples, it was the fact that their master was about to suffer and die, so it was knowledge they didn’t want to know. What don’t we want to know about the word of God, particularly the New Testament? Whatever it is we can be sure there are demons circling overhead like vultures. The moment we say, ‘I don’t believe it,’ the demons swoop down with their sharp talons and steal the word from our hearts and with it any potential to believe. This lost knowledge is the same in each person, just like it was for the disciples. There are things just as monumental as the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ that we don’t understand about the Scriptures. Jesus attitude about this was that His disciples would eventually figure it out, just like we too will one day figure out what we don’t understand, only at a very high emotional cost, just like the cross was extremely traumatic for the disciples; it would have gone a lot smoother had they understood it. However, there will be those in our day who will never understand and lose their souls as a result of remaining willfully ignorant; therefore, it would behoove us to open our minds to the possibility that there are things about the word of God that demons are keeping from our understanding, and to seek this lost knowledge with all our hearts. Hint: start looking here and here.

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11-17 But Mary was standing outside the tomb weeping; and so, as she wept, she stooped and looked into the tomb; 12 and she saw two angels in white sitting, one at the head and one at the feet, where the body of Jesus had been lying. 13 And they said to her, "Woman, why are you weeping?" She said to them, "Because they have taken away my Lord, and I do not know where they have laid Him." 14 When she had said this, she turned around and saw Jesus standing there, and did not know that it was Jesus. 15 Jesus said to her, "Woman, why are you weeping? Whom are you seeking?" Supposing Him to be the gardener, she said to Him, "Sir, if you have carried Him away, tell me where you have laid Him, and I will take Him away." 16 Jesus said to her, "Mary!" She turned and said to Him in Hebrew, "Rabboni!" (which means, Teacher ). 17 Jesus said to her, "Stop clinging to Me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father; but go to My brethren and say to them, 'I ascend to My Father and your Father, and My God and your God.' "


Jn 20,11-18

(15f) Servant >> Angels are messengers from God >> They are sent to change our perspective

Jn 20,11-15

(96l) Thy kingdom come >> Having a negative attitude about sin >> Having an attitude of unbelief -- These verses go with verses 24-29. Why did Mary look back in the tomb when she knew He was no longer there? It’s what we do; we stand over the problem and look into it, hoping a solution comes to mind, but there is no solution to death. When the people we love stop talking and stop moving… their animated bodies become inert like rocks and dirt. Mary was expecting rotting flesh from a body that the earth was reclaiming, but instead she found not a body at all. The question in her mind was who moved it, but she was asking the wrong question. She should have expanded her search to the possibility that His body moved by its own power. She just couldn’t believe that this miracle worker who raised others from the dead could come back to life. It's because she still didn't understand the Father. He raised Lazarus. Why was it that the disciples couldn’t fathom the possibility that Jesus rose from the dead; why did it seem so absurd to them? It could be that He was beaten unrecognizable, and they didn’t want Him back like that or thought that God couldn’t raise a man whose body had been so brutally disfigured. Based on the words of Scripture, initially they never even considered the possibility that He had risen from the dead. Another thing, they were probably traumatized by everything; they were afraid to believe in case they confirmed later that the body was indeed stolen; then they would have to go back and reaccept Jesus’ horrific death as final. They must not have been thinking straight, because none of their enemies had a motive for stealing Jesus’ body. Their enemies wanted Him in the ground at a specific gravesite so they could go to it and say, ‘Here lies the troubler of Israel!’ The disciples were the ones with the motive to believe that He had risen from the dead, yet they didn’t believe right away. When something really horrible happens like this, we try to resist the knowledge of it; some go into shock or a deep state of denial. The disciples went into denial that He could have risen from the dead as a way of attempting to deal with the events. Their lives were over; the Jews were hunting them like wild animals, and their Lord was gone. They entered Jerusalem with the hope that Jesus would take on the Roman Empire and turn Israel into the greatest nation in the world, and the disciples would become princes and lords of it, but in a matter of hours everything turned upside down and on its head, and there they were standing at the tomb of this man they believed would make it all happen. They were preparing their minds to go back over the last 3½ years and try to figure out what had happened to them. Who was that man? Was He the cleverest magician ever; were they taken in by a conman; where they the most foolish people in the world? At the time they thought they were the wisest because they were walking with Jesus. All these things were swirling in their minds like a tornado, and they weren’t ready to believe another thing about God. When you think about it, Mary was still believing in miracles, because the Romans had posted a heavy guard around the tomb so no one would take the body and assert He had risen, and she supposed that the gardener by himself had rolled away the heavy stone against the tomb entrance. The miracles she was willing to believe were against the truth and not for it. She was mad at God for what had happened. 

Jn 20-15

(63a) Paradox >> Anomalies >> Righteous deception >> Jesus deceives His people

Jn 20,16-18

(117j) Thy kingdom come >> Faith >> Eyes of your spirit >> Seeing through the eyes of your spirit >> Acknowledging the presence of God – Soon as Jesus said her name she recognized Him, not because she thought the gardener may have known her, but because she had been thinking all along deep in the recesses of her heart that Jesus had risen from the dead and she was suppressing it, like hoping to get a certain present for Christmas but fearful of being disappointed. Soon as Jesus said her name, she couldn’t deny it any longer; she knew He had risen from the dead. She grabbed Him and wouldn’t let go, and no one could blame her. He had been taken away from her, the man she loved more than a husband or a brother or a father.

Jn 20-16

(194b) Die to self (Process of substitution) >> Turn from sin to God >> Run to God >> Run to Jesus when He calls for you – Mary called Him Teacher, though she also knew Him as her Lord and Master, which is far above His role as a teacher. Mary used the title that she valued most about Him, and she was ready to believe. When Jesus called her name, she immediately turned, denoting repentance from her disbelief. She didn’t know what to think or how to believe, until she heard her name called from His lips, and then suddenly she knew everything she would ever need to know. We could say that she had an advantage over us, but the truth is that anybody who wants to know God can have this kind of readiness to turn when the living God calls his name. When we hear His voice, we know who is calling, for it is a voice that cannot be counterfeited. The devil may try to impersonate and give an intonation that may resemble God, but Jesus said that those who belong to Him know His voice (Jn 10-4,5). Jesus lived in a fallible body that was destined to perish, yet at the same time He was indestructible, in that His Father had every intension of raising Him from the dead. He was never to die again, according to Rev 1-17,18, “Do not be afraid; I am the first and the last, and the living One; and I was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore.” All these things happened to secure this same hope for us, that He will one day raise our bodies from the dead and give us new life to inherit an indestructible body, and we will live forevermore with Him.

Jn 20-17

(29i) Gift of God >> God is on our side >> God identifies with us >> Jesus is our brother – He told Mary to go and tell her fellow disciples saying, ‘We are brothers and sisters of Christ, and His Father is our Father!’ In heaven Jesus will be our brother, and God will be our Father; the angels cannot say that! We are sons and daughters of the living God, and that is something special. We have a mutual relationship with Christ and have the same relationship with the Father as Christ. To the degree that Jesus has authority from the Father, so do we; the angels cannot say this; they are servants while we are sons and daughters. Take the level of authority that Jesus has and multiply it by the number of children who believe in Him, and this equals the level of authority in heaven through which God will reign over His creation forever and ever. Jesus called His father His God and our God; to the degree that God is the Father of Christ, so God is our Father too, and to the degree that Jesus is the Son of God, so also are we sons and daughters of God. The level of blessing will never be fully understood throughout all eternity.

(224d) Kingdom of God >> Illustrating the kingdom >> Description of heaven >> Describing the kingdom after he makes all things new >> Children of God resemble their Father

(237h) Kingdom of God >> Pursuing the kingdom >> Transferring the kingdom >> The Church is transferred to the kingdom >> The ascension >> Jesus’ ascension

(253ec) Trinity >> Relationship between Father and Son >> Jesus is equal with the Father >> Jesus has all the internal qualities of the Father >> Jesus is God in heaven -- This verse goes with verses 27-29

(254i) Trinity >> Holy Spirit’s relationship between Father and Son >> Jesus is equal with the Holy Spirit >> Holy Spirit is life >> Spirit of Jesus – Jesus had to pry her off His resurrected body. Why was it that Jesus didn’t want Mary clinging to Him? Was it that He didn’t want to get His clothes dirty, or He didn’t want the smell of human flesh on Him prior to going to heaven? He had a resurrected body; perhaps He didn’t want to take germs with Him to heaven? No, instead, Jesus was in the process of weaning her off his physical presence and training her to cling to His soon to be spiritual presence that He would give on the day of Pentecost. This spiritual presence that Jesus had in mind for His disciples and for the Church for the next 2000 years has become something that the Church no longer understands. The Pentecostals and the Charismatics and some of the Prosperity teachers claim to understand the Holy Spirit, but so much of their teachings are in error, failing to demonstrate either by their teaching or their conduct that they understand God in Spirit form. Most Christians get that the Holy Spirit dwells in them as the pledge of their inheritance of eternal life as saints who are born of God and destined for heaven, but what many don’t understand is the thing that happened on Pentecost. The Spirit that God has given on Pentecost dwells on our outer form; in other words He superimposes Himself upon our obedience. The Spirit of Pentecost is the representation of Jesus Christ on the earth, who always avails Himself to every Christian regardless of the country or continent, in contrast to Jesus, a single person who could only be one place at a time. We don’t have to go find Jesus anymore; He dwells in our hearts and He has clothed us with His power. Jesus obviously couldn’t reveal anything to His disciples; He tried and tried and usually couldn’t get through to them. He told them over and over that He would die and be raised from the dead and they didn’t get it. Now, the administration of God starts with the Spirit of revelation. The Holy Spirit, simply by hearing His voice, automatically grants us understanding in all things about God.

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18-20 Mary Magdalene came, announcing to the disciples, "I have seen the Lord," and that He had said these things to her. 19 So when it was evening on that day, the first day of the week, and when the doors were shut where the disciples were, for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood in their midst and said to them, "Peace be with you." 20 And when He had said this, He showed them both His hands and His side. The disciples then rejoiced when they saw the Lord.


Jn 20,18-23

(13m) Servant >> Serve God faithfully 

Jn 20,19-21

(125k) Thy kingdom come >> Manifestations of faith >> Peace >> God is at peace >> The God of peace -- These verses go with verse 26. There are two things we can expect to hear at the salutation of an angelic visitation (except in the case of the apostle Paul’s encounter with the Lord in Act 9-4,5): Peace be with you and/or Do not be afraid. He comes in peace and doesn’t want us to be afraid. If we don't hear these things, either a demon is posing as an angel of light or in Paul's case He will expect the world from us. God visits us to impart peace into us; so what can we say about all the wars throughout the new covenant age, were any of them warranted? According to this verse, no, especially not after Jesus shed His blood. Jesus first said, “Peace be with you,” and then said, “As the Father sent Me, I also send you.” There are nine fruits, but there is one that is most important to the gospel, and that is peace. Part of the reason is when we bring the gospel to the world, we will cause disturbances, and for us to get caught up in those disturbances will nullify the very gospel that we are conveying, and so we deal with these disturbances as peacemakers, demonstrating the power of the gospel in the face of fear and hardship.

Jn 20-19,20

(224a) Kingdom of God >> Illustrating the kingdom >> Description of heaven >> Describing the kingdom after he makes all things new >> Description of the resurrection -- These verses go with verses 26-29. Right after Jesus said He was our brother and that we are sons and daughters of the living God, He demonstrated His ability to walk through walls as though they didn’t exist. Since we are brothers and sisters of Christ, in heaven we will have this same ability to walk through walls, disguise our identity, essentially manipulate our bodies in any way we want. Perhaps we will even be able to enter another person’s space and lock minds and hearts. Remember, Jesus had not yet been glorified, so there remains another whole tier of mysteries awaiting us in heaven regarding our future state. However, we must also keep in mind that He did some pretty amazing things before His resurrection, such as walked on water and performed innumerous miracles, perhaps the only difference being that He had to be prayed-up before He could perform miracles, suggesting that whether before or after His resurrection faith was the active ingredient. The nail holes in His hands and the hole in His side where the soldier pierced His heart indicated that He was still living in the same body in which He died, but the glorified body will be different from the body that He had then. Paul called it a spiritual body (1Cor 15-44). This hits us like an oxymoron, according to our limited knowledge, in that a body is physical by definition and that which is spiritual is not, so having a spiritual body is a contradiction in terms. The best definition of a spiritual body is one that is physical but have spiritual properties, number one that it can never die. 

21&22 So Jesus said to them again, "Peace be with you; as the Father has sent Me, I also send you." 22 And when He had said this, He breathed on them and said to them, "Receive the Holy Spirit.


Jn 20,21-23

(13e) Servant >> Serve the body >> Promoting its health >> Serve as a covering for others

Jn 20-21

(12m) Servant >> Jesus is our example of a servant

(43e) Judgment >> Satan destroyed >> Conform to Christ’s ministry to the world – We have the authority of Christ as Christ has the authority of His Father. Consequently, children of the faith who are living and walking by the Spirit are as ambassadors of the gospel. To the degree that Jesus received authority from His Father to preach the gospel, so we have authority to “proclaim the excellencies of Him who has called [us] out of darkness into His marvelous light” (1Pet 2-9). Jesus didn’t come on His own volition but was sent by His Father, of whom Jesus said “is greater than I” (Jn 14-28). Had He come by His own authority, it would have meant little to nothing, but now all of heaven is in agreement with the works and words that Jesus performed, including and especially the cross. This depicts the power and authority of the gospel itself. It is more than just a message of the cross, for it is to be brought by the authority of God Himself, not that we should lord ourselves over anyone but that we should speak with all confidence in proclaiming the gospel, which comes with power to cast out demons and heal every sickness and disease. If we want to see signs, wonders and miracles, take the gospel into the world and preach it to every creature under heaven, and we will see the finger of God at work, not only to perform miracles, but to perform the greatest miracle of all—salvation. A person can be healed in his body, and his body will later die, but the promise of salvation is eternal life.

(129c) Thy kingdom come >> Manifestations of faith >> Bearing the fruit of evangelism >> Feed the people with the fruit of your walk – Jesus wants us to have a ministry similar to His own as an evangelist. However, not everyone is called as an evangelist, but every evangelist needs a support group, suggesting that again the Church today has it all backwards. Churches across America and throughout the world have themselves setup as the entity of significance, while sending out and supporting missionary teams on the side, whereas Jesus is saying that the missionary team is the entity of significance and the Church that stays home and supports them is part of that team. The ministry of evangelism sets its sights on making new converts. When Jesus said, “As the Father has sent Me I also send you,” knowing there are only so many evangelists, though He was speaking to everyone, suggests that everyone should have a ministry and every ministry should have evangelism as its ultimate goal, even if it is indirectly involved in helping the body of Christ spiritually grow, so when the evangelist brings people into the Church, they are coming to healthy people in body and mind.

Jn 20-22

(238aa) Kingdom of God >> Pursuing the kingdom >> The kingdom is transferred to the Church >> Born again by the will of Christ – When Jesus breathed on them and said, “Receive the Holy Spirit,” He was referring to the indwelling Holy Spirit whom we received on the day of our salvation, which caused us to be born again. This means Pentecost was not about the indwelling Holy Spirit or getting saved (though many did get saved that day as a result) suggesting that Pentecost is designated specifically for the anointing, or as the book of Acts depicts it: baptism of the Holy Spirit.

(254j) Trinity >> Holy Spirit’s relationship between Father and Son >> Jesus is equal with the Holy Spirit >> Salvation of Jesus’ Spirit

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23-25 "If you forgive the sins of any, their sins have been forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they have been retained." 24 But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came. 25 So the other disciples were saying to him, "We have seen the Lord!" But he said to them, "Unless I see in His hands the imprint of the nails, and put my finger into the place of the nails, and put my hand into His side, I will not believe."


Jn 20-23

(48k) Judgment >> Levels of judgment >> God judges your enemies according to your faithfulness – The bitter person who will not forgive thinks he knows something about judgment, but the person who forgives knows more about God’s judgment than the bitter man, for the only person he judges is himself, and he was originally the victim. The bitter man judges the wrong person when he holds a grudge, but the one who forgives allows God to judge, and He is more adept and the sentence He imposes far greater than anything we could ever do to our enemies. Paul said in Rom 12-19,20: “Never take your own revenge, beloved, but leave room for the wrath of God, for it is written, ‘Vengeance is mine, I will repay,’ says the Lord. ‘But if your enemy is hungry, feed him, and if he is thirsty, give him a drink; for in so doing you will heap burning coals on his head.’” If we are looking for revenge on our enemies, be kind to them; it is God’s solution. Vengeance comes in strange packages for Christians, who need to live by their conscience. Although there are some who don’t have a conscience per se; if they don’t feel the burning coals on their heads by our kindness, that does not exempt them from the judgment of God that is surely coming to them.

(69k) Authority >> Righteous judgment (outcome of discernment) >> Executing God’s judgment by His authority – God has given us authority to execute judgment, that is, to forgive. We know that God is the final authority, that whatever we forgive or don’t forgive is irrelevant on Judgment Day, yet in a miniature sense in this temporal age He has given us authority to judge or enemies through forgiveness. Whether or not we forgive does not have eternal ramifications, but our actions do have ramifications in this life that could change the outcome of eternity for many. Jesus is defining the whole point of forgiveness and identifying the benefactors of it; that is the one who forgives. Those who wrong us are not the intended benefactors of forgiveness, though he or she stands to benefit. Jesus said, “If you forgive the sins of any, their sins have been forgiven them,” but just because we have forgiven them doesn’t mean God has forgiven them, since there is no mention of repentance in this equation. We are the ones who benefit from forgiveness. When someone wrongs us, it is for all intents and purposes a curse, and if we don’t forgive, that curse will stick to us, but forgiveness breaks the curse, and the freedom we enjoy is tantamount to God’s forgiveness.

(81a) Thy kingdom come >> Prayer >> The priesthood >> We are a type of Jesus’ priesthood – Unbelievers think Christians are bitter because we consider the world evil; meanwhile, unbelievers think they are living the way they should, even though their sin reigns over them with destructive power. The world accuses us of being negative, but we tell them we are frustrated that the world is evil and it refuses to repent.’ They equate our frustrations with bitterness, but it is not the same. Christians who really believe in Jesus, who have strong faith are normally frustrated people, because they live in an evil world that resists God on every conceivable level. The minute we accept the world in all its wickedness, we lose our ability to change it, for how can we change what we have accepted?

(83k) Thy kingdom come >> We have the ministry of intercession >> Church intercedes for each other

(120i) Thy kingdom come >> Manifestations of faith >> Forgiveness >> Forgiveness is an act of mercy >> Forgiveness sets you free – We are not able to forgive people like God can; He can forgive us so we can live with Him in heaven forever, whereas our forgiveness is a bit less dramatic. We can forgive someone, but that doesn’t mean they can go to heaven; rather, it means we can go to heaven, for the one who forgives is the one forgiven. Jesus said that when we forgive someone, their sins have been forgiven, at least as it pertains to us, meaning that when we forgive someone, we are setting ourselves free from bitterness, and bitterness can harden our hearts against God. When we forgive someone, it is as though they never sinned, but that doesn’t mean we should forget what they did to us; it only means that the power of their sin directed toward us has been neutralized. When we forgive somebody, what we are really doing is forgiving ourselves for holding a grudge, thus forgiveness repents of bitterness.

(190d) Die to self (Process of substitution) >> Separation from the old man >> Masochism (Self-made martyr) >> Self-afflictions that are against the will of God – Jesus was saying that if we retain the sins of any, we have retained them in ourselves if we don’t forgive, and the offense will remain in us until we forgive the offender. We need to forgive people for what they have said and done to us and not retain their sins, for to become bitter is to make ourselves an accomplice to their sins, as though we committed them against ourselves. People who have a problem with forgiveness behave as though they were self-loathing, as though they hated themselves, and they tend to treat others the same way they feel about themselves. Bitterness is a type of masochism, like the demoniac who lived among the tombs bludgeoned himself with stones (Mark chapter 5). Forgiveness is not a measure of how much we love the person who has offended us but a measure of how much we love ourselves. We live in a selfish, self-loving society, but that is different from loving ourselves in a positive way, for we certainly wouldn’t want to hate ourselves. There is a type of self-love that is not selfish or evil. If we forgive those who hurt us, then we are truly victims, but if we don’t forgive, we become accessories to their crimes. When we forgive those who offend us, we are demonstrating the fact that we are the children of God, that we have the goal of heaven in front of us. The stakes are too high to hold a grudge, the promises too great to exchange them for bitterness, the hope of eternal life too important to live by our pride and inflated egos.

Jn 20,24-29

(20b) Sin >> Nature of sin >> Unbelief >> Unwilling to acknowledge the facts

(58a) Paradox >> Opposites >> Your actions before and after the presence of Jesus

(96l) Thy kingdom come >> Having a negative attitude about sin >> Having an attitude of unbelief  -- These verses go with verses 11-15. Thomas voiced his unbelief, which is a type of faith, for unbelief believes something; it just doesn’t believe the truth. Had Jesus appeared to Thomas, he wouldn’t need to stick his fingers into the nail holes and into the hole that the spear made in his side as he asserted (he was another kinesthetic learner like Peter).

(167h) Works of the devil >> Manifestations of the devil >> Carnality/Secularism (mindset of the world) >> The carnal mind does not receive the things of God >> It does not believe the word of God – Currently, we have bodies that have brains that work in ways that are corrupted. To believe in God in this body is all uphill, because we must work against the programming of our minds. We find it difficult to believe in God because we think that the world is real and that faith in God is some kind of fantasy belief system to counteract what we know about the world, but we have it all backwards. Faith is true knowledge, and the world contradicts God’s truth. His truth is real and the world’s truth is a lie; this is provable in that the world is temporary, and one day this world will cease to exist, and its truth will die with it, whereas God’s truth is eternal. If it isn’t forever true, then it isn’t true at all; that's the way God looks at it, and that is how He wants His children to see it. For this reason we say that the world is lying, because it’s truth will terminate one day, as opposed to God’s truth that will never stop being true. God never changes, making His word forever true.

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26-28 After eight days His disciples were again inside, and Thomas with them. Jesus came, the doors having been shut, and stood in their midst and said, "Peace be with you." 27 Then He said to Thomas, "Reach here with your finger, and see My hands; and reach here your hand and put it into My side; and do not be unbelieving, but believing." 28 Thomas answered and said to Him, "My Lord and my God!" 


Jn 20,26-30

(39d) Judgment >> Jesus defeated death >> Witnesses of Jesus’ resurrection -- These verses go with verses 1-23. Thomas received a major rebuke from the Lord, for he hadn’t met the requirements of faith. The disciples were doubtful of the report that Mary Magdalene brought from the tomb, claiming that he was alive, and that she saw Him and even talked with Him, though Peter and John opened their mind enough to see for themselves. They ran to the tomb and saw for themselves evidence indicating that Mary Magdalene was telling the truth, for the scene was exactly how she described it. Thomas had a scientific mind; he wouldn’t believe it until he saw Jesus with the nail holes in his hands and feet. ‘Seeing is believing,’ they say, yet there are magicians who make us see things that didn’t happen as they purport. We are captivated and amazed that our eyes can be fooled; we place so much stock in what we see as proof of reality. Thomas had a hard time believing Jesus was alive, because they saw how He died, how mutilated His body; the blood was everywhere, except in Jesus’ veins; it was probably the goriest thing they had ever seen. Had it been a nice, tidy death, perhaps a sudden heart attack, it might have been easier for them to believe. How much they tortured Him, no one could ever live through that, much less come to life after it, or so they thought. His bloody death is what made it so hard for them to believe that He was alive again; they didn’t think it was possible for God to raise such a body from the dead.

Jn 20,26-29

(224a) Kingdom of God >> Illustrating the kingdom >> Description of heaven >> Describing the kingdom after he makes all things new >> Description of the resurrection -- These verses go with verses 19&20. We look to the Scriptures to get a view of the resurrected body and its capability. Jesus suddenly appeared in the midst of His disciples as though he walked through the wall, but before his crucifixion Jesus walked on water, so what’s the difference? This is something that clearly we don’t understand. The only thing that makes sense is that the resurrected body is able to perform these things, not because of its ability but because of our faith in God through our resurrected body. Jesus walked through walls and walked on water by the same means, through faith, which is how all thing operate in heaven. We will see God face to face, and we will have resurrected bodies that will naturally believe in Him. The Faith that we will enjoy in heaven will be easy as the knowledge the world enjoys about this life; for just as worldly people go by their five senses to determine what is real, so will we in heaven. By what we see, hear, feel, taste and smell we will be able to fly or walk on water or walk through walls just as easy as walking down the street. It will be so easy to believe in God, that believing otherwise will be impossible! Everything will be turned on its head; right now the truth that is staring us in the face is the temporal reality of this world, and we are trying to believe in God in spite of it, but when we receive our resurrected bodies, we will receive brains that will naturally believe in God.

Jn 20-26

(125k) Thy kingdom come >> Manifestations of faith >> Peace >> God is at peace >> The God of peace -- This verse goes with verses 19-21. Jesus came and said, “peace be with you,” in reference to their faith that brings peace. Sometimes we think we have peace until we actually have an encounter with God, and a sense of peace comes over us like we never knew. Then we come to realize that we all live tumultuous lives as Christians, until we look at some people whose lives are so disturbed, we realize that God’s peace really is with us; we just don’t always see it. “Peace be with” you is equivalent to Do not be afraid, which is something that He always said, and also the angels. Fear is tumultuous as Jude compared it with the “wild waves of the sea, casting up their own shame like foam” (Jd-13), and Proverbs says, “What the wicked fears will come upon him, but the desire of the righteous will be granted” (10-24). The antithesis of fear is peace. According to Proverbs, those who are fearful actually desire the things that make them afraid, for God gives man his hearts desire. Compare a placid lake to the foam on the ocean waves along coastlines dashing against jagged rocks; it describes people without God. Most will not get saved, for it is a word picture of the reprobate mind. “There is no peace for the wicked” (Isaiah 48:22), who consider God to be evil and make up stories about Him to excuse their own rejection of Him.

(190h) Die to self (Process of substitution) >> Separation from the old man >> Circumcision >> Circumcision is a sign of obedience >> Circumcision is a sign of believing -- The custom of circumcision handed down by Moses dictated that every male Hebrew infant should be circumcised on the eighth day as a sign of faith, according to God's commandment to Abraham and his descendents. So Jesus visited His disciples on the eighth day of His resurrection and the eighth day of the disciples' new-found faith in Him, especially for doubting Thomas, who needed to be circumcised of his unbelief.   

Jn 20,27-29

(5n) Responsibility >> Jesus’ yoke of obedience >> Our obligation to believe God – What you believe affects everything you say and do. Thomas is going to change his tone now that he has seen Christ in the flesh. Jesus expected Thomas to believe, based on the words that He spoke to His disciples prior to His crucifixion. The fact that the others believed indicates that they had an understanding of who Jesus was, which means that Thomas never quite caught on until he saw Him after the resurrection.

(226h) Kingdom of God >> Illustrating the kingdom >> Rewards of heaven >> Levels of reward >> God rewards us to the degree of our faithfulness – Jesus implicated that throughout the age of grace we who never gazed upon His form but believe in Him are in a way more blessed than His disciples, meaning that God will adorn us with greater blessing in heaven. Thomas needed to see Jesus in order to believe in Him, and there are many others whose faith could use a visual aid, but they will never get it. Jesus is in heaven, and He doesn’t come down here to visit people, except in the case of the apostle Paul. We better not expect a visitation from God, but take the faith that God has given us and use it to believe in Him without seeing Him, so we can be blessed in heaven when we get there. The simple fact is we don’t need to see Jesus, for we don’t need any more evidence of God's existence than the creation, hence we know that God raised His Son from the dead.

(252e) Trinity >> You shall put no other gods before Me >> Worship Jesus (Because He is equal with God) >> Worship the Father through Christ

(253ec) Trinity >> Relationship between Father and Son >> Jesus is equal with the Father >> Jesus has all the internal qualities of the Father -- These verses go with verse 17

Jn 20,28-30

(64h) Paradox >> Anomalies >> Weaknesses of God >> God subjects himself to human frailty >> His weakness is stronger than men

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29-31 Jesus said to him, "Because you have seen Me, have you believed? Blessed are they who did not see, and yet believed." 30 Therefore many other signs Jesus also performed in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book; 31 but these have been written so that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing you may have life in His name.


Jn 20,29-31

(107c) Thy kingdom come >> Faith >> Hearing from God >> Word creates faith >> Word of God creates faith

Jn 20-29

(104i) Thy kingdom come >> Pure in heart shall see God >> Shall see Jesus >> Being in the presence of Jesus – When Jesus said, “Blessed are they who did not see, and yet believed,” He was talking about us and every other generation after Jesus ascended to heaven. Now, if anyone wants to relate to Christ, they will have to do it by faith. Jesus also said, “Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God.” The Bible talks about faith opening our eyes; we use light to see, and Jesus said that He was the light of the world (Jn 8-12). Eph 1,18-23 says, “I pray that the eyes of your heart may be enlightened, so that you will know…” This light brings knowledge, and our faith is based on the truth, which is written in the Scriptures. When we read the Bible and believe in Jesus and live by His example, the Holy Spirit comes to dwell in our hearts through faith, and we are born-again. He then is able to instruct us more clearly about His specific will in our lives. If we follow the lead of the indwelling Holy Spirit along that path, that trail of good works that God has prepared for us before the foundation of the world, it will open our eyes to a revelation of Jesus Christ, and we will understand Him by the Spirit. Our knowledge will be empowered by God Himself. This is what it means to see by the light of God’s word, not just the words that are written, but truth that has been lifted off the page and placed in our hearts. We can see more clearly than Thomas who physically stood in the very presence of Jesus.

(117c) Thy kingdom come >> Faith >> Rest in Jesus (Sabbath) >> Rest in His yoke by faith

(118h) Thy kingdom come >> Faith >> Eyes of your spirit >> Giving God your attention >> Resolutely focus on the glory of God >> Focus on Jesus – The kind of faith the disciples had as they walked with Jesus in the flesh pertained to acting on their convictions. If our beliefs don’t motivate us to make decisions with our lives, and those decisions inherently change our character conforming to Christ, in turn changing our identity, then all our believing hasn’t risen above mental ascent. Jesus’ disciples were great men of God, but they had problems; they had huge faults; they were no different from the rest of us. The only thing they really had going for them was the fact that they were chosen of God. If we are chosen of God, then we have everything going for us. We might not have the world by the tail, but we have heaven and the hope of eternal life, which is far more than anyone will ever have without God.

(212e) Sovereignty >> God is infinite >> He is the creator >> Evolution (Defaming God) >> The scientific mind cannot know God – We all have a scientific mind to one degree or another. All the disciples thought with a scientific mind about Jesus’ death and the unlikelihood of His resurrection. Thomas put into words what they were all thinking, and Jesus called Him on it, saying that if he wanted to speak for the group, then He would speak to Thomas for the group, including us in the 21st century, “Blessed are they who did not see, and yet believed.” We have never seen Jesus, yet we believe in Him. Many people don’t understand why we believe in God. They say we must suspend all reasoning, but in fact we believe in Jesus for the very reason that there must be a God, and Jesus is the best candidate for that person. He has explained God to us better than anyone else, not just Him but we have the entire Bible. We have the history of Israel, history of a people with God, and their history goes back almost to Noah’s flood, which was the last beginning of man, and so we scientifically reason that God exists, and then we read the Bible and are convinced that He is the One. None of the major religions of the world hold a candle to the reasoning of the Bible. God said, “Come now, and let us reason together” (Isaiah 1-18). The scientific mind cannot know God because it can’t trust Him at His word, yet we are not suspending our reason when we believe in Jesus; on the contrary, we use our reasoning skills to relate to Him. God made man for the express purpose of knowing and understanding his creator, but the atheist claims just the opposite, thus desecrating the very purpose of creating man.

Jn 20-31

(67g) Authority >> Jesus delegates authority >> The name of Jesus is the salvation of God – Jesus is our Lord and Master, the person we love and adore, our savior and the king of heaven. He will receive us into His heavenly kingdom on the day of our death, and not somebody else, not Mary, not Joseph and not even the angel Gabriel. No one else has authority to allow us into heaven, and for this reason Jesus is also our authority on earth. Jesus is the one who has cast out demons and healed the sick and performed miracles throughout the ages, and not the phonemes and letters that comprise His name. For example, when someone calls my name and I turn to see who is addressing me, I am demonstrating that I have associated my name with myself, but my name is not “me”; it only references me. I am a spirit who dwells in my body; not even my body is technically “me”, but merely represents me in a material world. So Jesus is not a name; He is a person, a spirit who lives in a resurrected body in heaven and we reference Him when we call His name. We get His name and His identity confused, because we have erroneously learned to equate His name with His person, but the name of Jesus merely symbolizes His essence, just like all words are symbols. 

(86a) Thy kingdom come >> Belief >> Treating the knowledge of God as fact >> Believe the word by obeying it – Those who believe obey and those who obey believe; these terms are one and the same. Therefore, the best interpretation of this verse is to replace the word believe with obey. Then it reads like this, “These have been written so that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that [obeying] you may have life in His name.” 

(155j) Witness >> Validity of the believer >> Witness of the believer >> The word of God bears witness of the believer

(208fa) Salvation >> The salvation of God >> Personal relationship >> Being the friend of God >> Relationship with God through obedience >> We resemble Him through faith – Without a personal relationship with Jesus Christ, we cannot expect miracles in His name. Remember the account in Acts chapter 19, “Some of the Jewish exorcists, who went from place to place, attempted to name over those who had the evil spirits the name of the Lord Jesus, saying, "I adjure you by Jesus whom Paul preaches.” What happened to the seven sons of Sceva? “The evil spirit answered and said to them, ‘I recognize Jesus, and I know about Paul, but who are you?’ And the man, in whom was the evil spirit, leaped on them and subdued all of them and overpowered them, so that they fled out of that house naked and wounded” (Act 19,13-16). The name of Jesus Christ refers to the person who has all authority in heaven and on earth to perform miracles through us, and ascribes the glory to Him. The name of Jesus does not accomplish these things; rather, it is the person of Christ. That may seem like a trifle difference, but it isn't; just ask the seven sons of Sceva.

(253eb) Trinity >> Relationship between Father and Son >> Jesus is equal with the Father >> Jesus has all the internal qualities of the Father >> Jesus is the Son of God >> Authority of the Son of God

(254d) Trinity >> Holy Spirit’s relationship between Father and Son >> Jesus is the life of the Spirit >> We live because He is life >> God gives life to our faith in Jesus






Scripture quotations taken from the New American Standard Bible ® (NASB), Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. 



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1-3 After these things Jesus manifested Himself again to the disciples at the Sea of Tiberias, and He manifested Himself in this way. 2 Simon Peter, and Thomas called Didymus, and Nathanael of Cana in Galilee, and the sons of Zebedee, and two others of His disciples were together. 3 Simon Peter said to them, "I am going fishing." They said to him, "We will also come with you." They went out and got into the boat; and that night they caught nothing.


Jn 21,1-14

(39d) Judgment >> Jesus defeated death >> Witnesses of Jesus’ resurrection

Jn 21,1-7

(238e) Kingdom of God >> Pursuing the kingdom >> The kingdom is transferred to the Church >> The new creation is our spiritual identity – Apparently the disciples got tired of huddling in a room together in fear of the Jews and attempted to resume their old way of life as fishermen, though they had seen Jesus alive. They caught nothing, which was fitting for the circumstances of a time when nothing happened as they wanted. The fact that they were fishing shows that they were incognizant of the significance of Jesus’ resurrection. Basically, they were glad that Jesus rose from the dead, but they still didn’t see how it pertained to them. Jesus visited them a few times, and finally the last time they watched Him ascend into heaven, and it was during that last encounter that He told them to go back home and wait for the promise of His Spirit. Obviously Jesus didn’t have a problem with them fishing that day; He even helped them catch fish, yet they were lost as ever, implying that their knowledge of His resurrection did not help them very much, which says a lot about the feeling of being lost, whether in the woods or in life. It’s not that we don’t know our location that makes us feel lost; it’s not knowing what to do that makes us feel lost. After we meet the Lord He doesn’t want us attempting to resume our old way of life, because that chapter is over, and it is time to turn the page of our journal and make new entries that have nothing in common with our old life before we met the Lord. This should sound familiar to everyone who is born of God, whose life has changed in highly dramatic ways by the subtleties of the Holy Spirit.

(253cc) Trinity >> Relationship between Father and Son >> Jesus is equal with the Father >> Jesus has all the external qualities of the Father >> Outward appearance of Jesus Christ – Occasionally the disciples would see the Lord again, each time He disguised Himself in a different form, recognizing Him by faith, not visually. He did this for the same reason He told Mary to stop clinging to Him; He was weaning them off His physical presence, soon to become a spiritual presence.

Jn 21,3-7

(169g) Works of the devil >> Manifestations of the devil >> The world is blind to God >> God blinds their eyes

Jn 21,3-6

(23g) Sin >> Poverty (Oppression) >> Tending to the needs of the poor

(30d) Gift of God >> Prepare to receive from God >> God supplies our needs under certain conditions

(34k) Gift of God >> God is willing to Give >> Receiving God’s blessing through obedience

(115k) Thy kingdom come >> Faith >> Working the grace of God >> Through obedience of faith >> Through diligence – This was obviously a miracle, and we know miracles are not readily explainable; otherwise they wouldn’t be miracles. Magic tricks are different; there is an explanation to them, but the magician refuses to tell his secrets. With a miracle there is no explanation. We could say Jesus simply knew the fish were there, or He created the fish there, or the fish were never there when they cast the net but simply appeared in the net. The later is probably true that the fish were never there except in their net. This is God at work; He is called the creator for a reason. He can create fish out of nothing, and the beauty of God is that He can perform miracles any way He wants without constraint, except one—human will. Had the disciples fought with Jesus and refused to throw their nets, they would have caught nothing. God always involves our will in some act of obedience when He performs miracles for us, and in that small token of obedience is the concept of working the grace of God, which is an extremely profound and pervasive truth in the Bible, and the vast majority of people in the Church know nothing about this. In fact, talk to many Christians and most will say that working the grace of God is a contradiction in terms, that the grace of God and the works of men are two separate things, but this is simply not true. God uses our works to perform miracles, and when we look into the Scriptures, we see it continuously. Our contribution of obedience acts as permission for God to perform the miracles for us. The disciples permitted Jesus to perform the miracle of filling their nets full of fish by casting their net one more time.

(147d) Witness >> Validity of Jesus Christ >> Jesus’ works bear witness of Himself >> God exercises authority over every living thing

(148h) Witness >> Validity of Jesus Christ >> Works of the Church bear witness to Jesus >> Evangelism >> Natural advantage of being with Jesus

(229k) Kingdom of God >> God’s kingdom is a living organism >> Partaking >> Partaking of Jesus >> Partaking of Jesus’ ministry -- These verses go with verses 10-13

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4-8 But when the day was now breaking, Jesus stood on the beach; yet the disciples did not know that it was Jesus. 5 So Jesus said to them, "Children, you do not have any fish, do you?" They answered Him, "No." 6 And He said to them, "Cast the net on the right-hand side of the boat and you will find a catch." So they cast, and then they were not able to haul it in because of the great number of fish. 7 Therefore that disciple whom Jesus loved said to Peter, "It is the Lord." So when Simon Peter heard that it was the Lord, he put his outer garment on (for he was stripped for work), and threw himself into the sea. 8 But the other disciples came in the little boat, for they were not far from the land, but about one hundred yards away, dragging the net full of fish.


Jn 21-4

(63a) Paradox >> Anomalies >> Righteous deception >> Jesus deceives His people

Jn 21-5,6

(152f) Witness >> Validity of the Father >> Witnesses of the father >> Prophets >> Jesus is a prophet >> Jesus prophesies to the Church

Jn 21-5

(33g) Gift of God >> God is our Father >> Children need a Father to care for them

Jn 21-6

(76m) Thy kingdom come >> Desires >> Word is food >> Hunger for the word – What if the disciples had cast the net on the left side of the boat instead of the right as they were instructed? Probably they would have caught nothing! It would have been a difference of only a few feet. It was their obedience that caught fish, not the act of casting the net, so if they had cast the net on the left-hand side, they would have been disobedient. They worked all night trying to catch fish in places where fishing was usually successful and caught nothing, but then let down the net where they were least likely to catch fish and pulled up a net-full. They were returning from their fishing excursion empty-handed and about to leave the boat; they were not in a place where they would normally fish. Part of our problem of praying for miracles is in trying to understand them. It is not a requirement to understand how God does things, anymore than it is a requirement to understand biology in order to live. He works in mysterious ways; it is not up to us to understand his miracles, but it is our job to obey Him so those miracles can happen.

(215k) Sovereignty >> God controls time >> Suddenly >> Working quickly – The fish became the symbol of Christianity in the first century because of this miracle and others like it. Of all the miracles Jesus performed, this is apparently what impacted them the most, probably because they were fishermen. He spoke the word and the fish appeared, as when He fed the five thousand, multiplying the fish and bread. He kept putting his hand inside the basket and pulling out more food, and nobody knew how it was happening. What if Peter said to the Lord, ‘I’ll be with you in a minute?’ How long would the miracle of fish waited for the disciples? When Jesus calls, we scramble; that is what He taught. Jesus said to a man, “‘Follow Me.’ But he said, ‘Lord, permit me first to go and bury my father.’ But He said to him, ‘Allow the dead to bury their own dead’” (Lk 9-59,60). This man did not become a close disciple of Jesus, indicating that if we won’t go when Jesus calls, we won’t go at all. God calls us when we’re ready, maybe not circumstantially prepared but spiritually. For this reason when He calls, we must answer immediately, because it is the best time to act, but if we wait a minute, it might be too late. These are the ways of God; He is very funny about time, a real stickler about it, though He has all the time in eternity. He expects us to act on His command.

Jn 21-7

(78a) Thy kingdom come >> God ministers to people through the humble >> The humble are invisible to men, but God sees them -- This verse goes with verses 20-24

(88k) Thy kingdom come >> Fear of God is the beginning of wisdom >> Revering God -- This verse goes with verse 12

(208k) Salvation >> The salvation of God >> Personal relationship >> Being married to God >> Emotional relationship -- This verse goes with verses 15-17. Everybody knew Peter to be very zealous for the Lord, though his faithfulness and obedience were not always complete. Nevertheless, Peter loved the Lord with all his heart, and Jesus honored that, even though Peter was a screwup. He did all kinds of stupid things all the time, the Scriptures pointing out many instances. Instead of helping his friends with the heavy haul of fish, he jumped into the water and swam to Jesus, letting the others manage the catch, and the disciples didn’t complain, because they knew Peter to be very emotional, and that fact seemed to offset some of Peter’s foibles. Jesus honored Peter, not his emotional state but his genuine love and sincerity of heart, by selecting Him and two others to come with Him to the mountain of transfiguration, where He showed a small slice of His glory to His three favorite disciples: Peter, James and John.

Jn 21-8 -- No Entries


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9-14 So when they got out on the land, they saw a charcoal fire already laid and fish placed on it, and bread. 10 Jesus said to them, "Bring some of the fish which you have now caught." 11 Simon Peter went up and drew the net to land, full of large fish, a hundred and fifty-three ; and although there were so many, the net was not torn. 12 Jesus said to them, "Come and have breakfast." None of the disciples ventured to question Him, "Who are You?" knowing that it was the Lord. 13 Jesus came and took the bread and gave it to them, and the fish likewise. 14 This is now the third time that Jesus was manifested to the disciples, after He was raised from the dead.


Jn 21,9-12

(12l) Servant >> Jesus is the servant of man – Jesus did everything for the disciples; He was responsible for the fish they caught; He made the fire, set out the bread and fish; all they had to do was come with some of the fish they caught and fellowship with Him and eat. That is all He wants; He will do the rest; God loves to fellowship with His people. Last time they caught a net full of fish it was at the beginning of His ministry when they were first called; Jesus met them at the seashore while they were fishing; He gave them instruction and they caught so many fish their nets tore; the result was a harvest they abandoned. They followed Jesus and all the people in the surrounding area claimed a basket a fish and took it home and had a feast. This time we don’t exactly know what they did with the fish, but they would not be fishermen much longer. Perhaps this is what tied them over the forty days they spent in the upper room, devoting themselves to prayer and waiting for the promise of the Spirit. They were still living according to their occupation that they had before they met Jesus, though He had already risen from the dead, but they didn’t know what else to do. They sat in their boats and fished and discussed with one another what this will mean for them, trying to fathom the significance of Jesus’ resurrection.

(146l) Witness >> Validity of Jesus Christ >> Jesus’ works bear witness of Himself >> Purpose of Miracles, Signs And Wonders >> Evidence to trust Him – Chances are Jesus wouldn’t go through the trouble of asking someone for a loaf of bread on His way to the beach, finding sticks, rubbing a couple together to make a spark, catching a fish, cleaning and cooking it… instead, it all simply appeared, just like the fish appeared in the disciples' nets. There was no point is Jesus going through any more difficulties after His resurrection; He lived thirty-three years in drudgery and hardship, and that was all behind Him now.

Jn 21,10-13

(229k) Kingdom of God >> God’s kingdom is a living organism >> Partaking of Jesus >> Partaking of Jesus’ ministry -- These verses go with verses 3-6

Jn 21,12-14

(224a) Kingdom of God >> Illustrating the kingdom >> Description of heaven >> Describing the kingdom after he makes all things new >> Description of the resurrection – Where does food go in a resurrected body? Later, Jesus didn’t go into the bushes to relieve Himself. The fish simply appeared upon the coals of the fire and in the disciple's net, and it simply disappeared in Jesus’ resurrected body into the realm of the miraculous. The Bible teaches that in heaven there are festivals and celebrations, and all these occasions will involve eating, yet there are no latrines in heaven. We eat food in this life primarily for our health and preservation but also for celebration. Jesus ate fish and bread though His body didn’t need it. In heaven people eat just for the fun of it, and they don’t get fat, nor are they gluttons. Jesus said in Lk 22-15,16, “I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer; for I say to you, I shall never again eat it until it is fulfilled in the Kingdom of God.” So people do eat and drink in heaven, and there is no resulting waste material that needs to be eliminated as in this life.

Jn 21-12

(88k) Thy kingdom come >> Fear of God is the beginning of wisdom >> Revering God -- This verse goes with verse 7. “Is that you, Jesus?” Why do you suppose they didn’t ask the question? This goes along with the fear of the Lord, the beginning of wisdom. In some ways they were afraid to ask Him stupid questions, for Jesus proved to be more in control of the situation than they ever had imagined, and if they asked stupid questions, they were likely to get a deserving answer. They knew it couldn’t have been anyone else, and knew He wouldn’t have answered their question with a simple ‘yes’ or ‘no,’ as though His disciples would interrogate Him. God wants people to live and walk by faith. ‘I just proved my identity’ was the silent message Jesus was communicating to His disciples, being the reason they didn’t ask. We want confirmation? Be careful! God might give us confirmation, but we might receive it in a painful manner. Once God has revealed Himself, that should be good enough. There were many instances when it sounded like Jesus was talking down to His disciples, but what choice did He have? His words accurately reflected the situation.

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15-20 So when they had finished breakfast, Jesus said to Simon Peter, "Simon, son of John, do you love Me more than these?" He said to Him, "Yes, Lord; You know that I love You." He said to him, "Tend My lambs." 16 He said to him again a second time, "Simon, son of John, do you love Me?" He said to Him, "Yes, Lord; You know that I love You." He said to him, "Shepherd My sheep." 17 He said to him the third time, "Simon, son of John, do you love Me?" Peter was grieved because He said to him the third time, "Do you love Me?" And he said to Him, "Lord, You know all things; You know that I love You." Jesus said to him, "Tend My sheep. 18 "Truly, truly, I say to you, when you were younger, you used to gird yourself and walk wherever you wished; but when you grow old, you will stretch out your hands and someone else will gird you, and bring you where you do not wish to go." 19 Now this He said, signifying by what kind of death he would glorify God. And when He had spoken this, He said to him, "Follow Me!" 20 Peter, turning around, saw the disciple whom Jesus loved following them; the one who also had leaned back on His bosom at the supper and said, "Lord, who is the one who betrays You?"


Jn 21,15-17

(208k) Salvation >> The salvation of God >> Personal relationship >> Being married to God >> Emotional relationship -- These verses go with verses 20-24

(238i) Kingdom of God >> Pursuing the kingdom >> Pursuing the knowledge of the kingdom >> Teachers >> Teachers "remind" their students >> Prevention against forgetting – Peter really loved the Lord, though he was a screw-up, being a very emotional person and always getting himself in trouble, more than the other disciples. He had a hard time living for the Lord, no different from the rest of us. Jesus didn’t go to each of His disciples and give him a farewell address; He only picked on Peter, and Jesus was specifically charging him with tending His sheep, making Peter promise three times, equating his love for the Lord with tending His lambs. Turns out, Peter had a problem obeying the Lord in this area, obviously the reason Jesus spoke to him about it. Paul later had to rebuke him for making distinctions among the sheep, catering to the Jews but neglecting the gentile converts (Gal 2,12-14). When Paul said this, it probably hit him like Jesus prophesying that he would deny the Lord three times before the cockcrow, after which he went out and wept bitterly (Lk 22,60-62). After Paul rebuked him, he probably remembered these words that Jesus spoke to him and grieved over his inconsistencies.

(239g) Kingdom of God >> Pursuing the kingdom >> Pursuing the knowledge of the kingdom >> Teachers >> Teachers are construction workers >> God raises up teachers to raise up the body

(240b) Kingdom of God >> Pursuing the kingdom >> Pursuing the knowledge of the kingdom >> Pastor (Shepherd) >> Pastor has a shepherd’s heart – Jesus asked him if he loved the Lord more than the other disciples, and Peter agreed that he did. How could Peter know that? Peter didn’t understand Jesus’ question, being why He asked him three times, each time slightly rephrasing the question hoping to get through to Him. The disciples were known to compete with each other as to who was greatest, and this was a continuation of their childish game, Peter equated greatness with how much he loved the Lord. He jumped out of the boat and swam to Jesus as though He loved the Lord more than the others, but someone had to stay with their catch of fish and bring them to shore, otherwise people would have gone hungry. Jesus answered him, “Tend My lambs,” indicating that He had every intension of making Peter a leader of those who would become the children of God. The disciples were shepherds and the sheep ranged into the thousands, mostly Jews who would get saved primarily as a result of Peter’s ministry in the great ingathering of souls during the early days of the Church.

Jn 21-18,19

(93g) Thy kingdom come >> Following Jesus >> Disciples follow Him

(189e) Die to self (Process of substitution) >> Separation from the old man >> Martyr >> Tested for faithfulness to the death – It turns out according to religious history (not the Bible), Peter was crucified upside down, and they stretched out his hands and nailed them to a cross, according to the word of Christ. This allowed Peter to prepare in his heart not to deny the Lord when he was to be martyred one day. He actually failed as a martyr the first time, but he wasn’t supposed to die with Jesus. And so Peter had time to settle this in his heart that one day he would have to give his life for his faith in Jesus. That makes for a sad world in which we live, that people would martyr others who had not committed a crime for their punishment, only that they believed in Jesus, a benevolent model of behavior given by God for mankind.

Jn 21-18

(105la) Thy kingdom come >> Faith >> Led by the Spirit into the fire >> Into the wilderness >> Wilderness of pain – This is in reference of Peter dying as a martyr, and the other disciples assumed he would be the only one, but in fact John was the only disciple that wasn’t martyred, who wrote this gospel. It says that when Peter was young, he was happy and carefree and just did what he wanted with few repercussions. Wasn’t that true with us all when we were young, the world giving us a pass most of the time? Then we got older and we became adults, and now everyone has expectations on us. We are expected to act a certain way, provide for our family, be responsible for ourselves and accountable to others and bear the brunt of life. Peter was martyred according to church history. His life probably wasn’t very enjoyable even before that; he was persecuted to the point of bloodshed, evoking fear; his family members were threatened and stalked; he suffered prison time leading to his death, but Peter stood fast and made sure not to make any mistakes from his youth when Jesus was still alive and they followed Him so happily, living in ignorant bliss, believing all the wrong things about Jesus. He never corrected them, because they would learn soon enough, what was truly God’s will for them, and it wasn’t going to be a bed of roses. The joy would come later; they were promised an eternity in the presence of God in paradise. That was worth enduring untold insults and injuries to their person. Being hung upside-down on a cross was Peter’s great glory and achievement in life, besides helping to establish a fledgling Church in a world of darkness that would survive for the next 2000 years on the coattails of the martyrs that would follow him to death.

(215d) Sovereignty >> God controls time >> God’s timing >> Fulfillment of God’s time >> Completion of a period of time

Jn 21,20-24

(78a) Thy kingdom come >> God ministers to people through the humble >> The humble are invisible to men, but God sees them -- These verses go with verse 7

(208k) Salvation >> The salvation of God >> Personal relationship >> Being married to God >> Emotional relationship -- These verses go with verse 7

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21-25 So Peter seeing him said to Jesus, "Lord, and what about this man?" 22 Jesus said to him, "If I want him to remain until I come, what is that to you? You follow Me!" 23 Therefore this saying went out among the brethren that that disciple would not die; yet Jesus did not say to him that he would not die, but only, "If I want him to remain until I come, what is that to you?" 24 This is the disciple who is testifying to these things and wrote these things, and we know that his testimony is true. 25 And there are also many other things which Jesus did, which if they were written in detail, I suppose that even the world itself would not contain the books that would be written.


Jn 21,21-23

(177l) Works of the devil >> The religion of witchcraft >> Presumption (Hinduism) >> Presuming the will of God >> Presumption interprets God’s word – Jesus' disciples said to Him in Jn 16,29-32, “Lo, now You are speaking plainly and are not using a figure of speech.  Now we know that You know all things, and have no need for anyone to question You; by this we believe that You came from God.’  Jesus answered them, ‘Do you now believe?  Behold, an hour is coming, and has already come, for you to be scattered, each to his own home, and to leave Me alone; and yet I am not alone, because the Father is with Me.’” We understand mostly what Jesus said now 2000 years later, but they were in the dark about most of Jesus’ sayings. If He were to answer any of our questions that we would ask Him today, we would probably be in the same predicament as they, becoming dependent upon time to show us what He meant, so much time that our lives in the flesh would have ended long before his statements would become clear. Jesus answered Peter’s question for the sake of his disciples exactly what He thought without speaking on their level, and it was so complicated and difficult that His answer proved to be more valuable for us than it was for them, and so they learned to fear Him, even though they loved Him with all their hearts. Their greatest love for Jesus was the sense of security they had about Him; they felt safe in His presence, being the reason Jesus told Peter to get behind Him (Mat 16-23) when Peter sought to protect the Lord from the cross, His very purpose of visiting mankind in the flesh. Jesus may have been hard on His disciples and spoke mysteries in their ears, but they all knew that this man loved them like no one else could. He cared about them in ways that only God could, and that is what kept them devoted to Him.

Jn 21-21,22

(75g) Thy kingdom come >> Motives >> Being manipulative >> Questioning God from a good heart

(89d) Thy kingdom come >> Fear of God is the beginning of wisdom >> Answers of wisdom – Jesus actually answered Peter’s question, even though his question bordered on gossip; Jesus probably answered his question for John’s sake, and His answer carried with it the implication that John would live to a ripe old age. The word “if” in Jesus’ answer was a big one, and a little deceptive, showing that if we ask God for answers regarding time, He bluntly will either refuse to answer our question, or His answer will be so difficult to decipher that we may conclude that it would have been better had we not asked at all, which is God’s hope, since He is not fond of divulging answers about time, though God is eternal, having all time at his disposal, is very sketchy when it comes to answering these kind of questions. He has devoted whole books of the Bible to prophecy, but these were written on His terms, not answering our questions about times and epochs. For instance, Jesus didn’t say that John would not die, and He didn’t say that His return would occur in his lifetime; instead, He said “if…” turning everything into conjecture, not really saying anything for sure. However, He did answer Peter’s question, that John would not be martyred; however, keep in mind that time itself gave us the answer in religious historical records.

(126k) Thy kingdom come >> Manifestations of faith >> Patience >> Have patience for the return of Christ >> The physical return of Christ – Jesus didn’t actually say He would return in John’s lifetime, but He did highly suggest to Peter’s generation and to each succeeding generation after him that His return was immanent, and if it were immanent in Peter’s time, how much more our own generation 2000 years later? Waiting for Christ’s return over the generations has had a buffering affect on sin regarding church communities and whole societies, being afraid to stray in their hearts from the place where Jesus ascended in case He returned to catch them in the act of sin, which was His purpose in answer to Peter’s question.

(133k) Temple >> Your body is the temple of God >> Holiness >> Having an awareness of God’s holiness >> The fear of God makes us aware of His holiness – Note that Peter didn’t ask Jesus to clarify, since he was lucky to get an answer at all; they were afraid of Him in some ways. They knew that if they pushed Him, he would tell them things they would not want to hear, cutting them to the quick. Peter frequently made this mistake until He learned not to push the Lord too far, and what made it worse, after He finished speaking they still didn’t know what He said. For this reason they let it go and lived with the answer they got. They were happier to let Jesus speak about the things he wanted to tell them than to ask Him questions and get responses that were often filled with mystery and rebuke, and truths that they had no idea how to crack, which took a lifetime to glean. They discovered to keep their questions to a minimum or not to ask at all.

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Jn 21-23

(175j) Works of the devil >> The religion of witchcraft >> Ignorance >> Ignorant of what God means >> Ignorant of the meaning of God’s word

Jn 21-24,25

(122a) Thy kingdom come >> Manifestations of faith >> Confidence >> Confidence in God >> Confidence in the word of God – This again seems to be an outpouring of John’s pride who claims, “we know that his testimony is true.” This sounds like something a confidence man would say. Once a conman gains our confidence, he is able to say whatever he wants and we will believe him. What is keeping us from believing that John is not a confidence man? We know that John was not a conman because he was one of Jesus’ disciples, but so was Judas Iscariot. Do we have any other proof to guarantee that John was not a conman? Yes, in the way he lived we can have confidence in His writings, but more in the way he died. Legend has it that the authorities tried him as a Christian and boiled him in oil, but it did not faze him, and everyone in attendance got saved, so they surrendered him to the Island of Patmos. He gave His life for the purpose of the gospel, and so he died for its cause. Someone can appear to live for a cause, but no shyster will die for a cause; nobody would give his life for the purpose of deception.

Jn 21-25

(63e) Paradox >> Anomalies >> Sarcasm >> Exaggerate the truth to make a point – Although there would be enough room in the world to contain all the books if every detail of Jesus 3½-year ministry had been written, He met and talked with so many people, performed so many miracles and revealed so many truths that the New Testament is a highly condensed book about Him indeed.

(239b) Kingdom of God >> Pursuing the kingdom >> Pursuing the knowledge of the kingdom >> Teachers >> Teachers "remind" their students >> Recalling the circumstances – John said that if all were recorded that Jesus did, the world itself could not contain the books that were written of Him, and that was within a 3½-year period. Someone could have written stories about single incidents, and in heaven we will learn about them all. There won’t be any movie projectors in heaven or television sets or DVDs, but God will have a way for us as a group to experience the life of Christ from beginning to end. It will be like a movie that is thirty-three years long, and we won’t need an intermission to stretch our legs, and it will be interactive, perhaps we will discover our place in His-story. Maybe He will show us what we would have done and where we would have been in His life, had we been born in His generation and citizens of Galilee. By evidence of being in heaven, we may have been part of the multitude looking for Jesus wanting to hear His word; perhaps we would have partaken of His fish and ate his bread that He gave thanks and distributed to thousands from a single hand basket...