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1 TIMOTHY CHAPTER 5

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1&2 Do not sharply rebuke an older man, but rather appeal to him as a father, to the younger men as brothers, 2 the older women as mothers, and the younger women as sisters, in all purity. 

 

1Tim 5-1,2

(73c) Authority >> Respect your leaders >> The ministry to the saints

(95j) Thy kingdom come >> Attitude >> Obedient attitude >> Positive attitude about authority -- These verses go with verses 17-21

(138d) Temple >> Building the temple (with hands) >> Reproof >> Reprove your brother in the right spirit – When people do wrong, we are to correct them with respect to their age, because old people have had more experiences and lived longer than us, and that counts for something. The thing old people have over young people is perspective; they have lived longer and hence have a wider-angle view of the world, making young people appear to suffer tunnel vision by comparison. Invariably there are things old people know that young people don’t know, and this is something that youth in this generation have mostly dismissed. They seem to think that because they’re younger, they’re better; they seem to think that because they live in a technological age, those who were not born in their generation are not in the know about the things they consider important, but what they don’t realize is that the ways people lived in earlier generations were just as important as the ways of this current one. Their life experienced, their problems solved and their enemies conquered young people are not aware even existed. Young people don’t have a future, because the only thing that matters to them is “now”! Right now, they are young and old people are feeble, and that is all they see and understand, but in their understanding they have a greater lack of understanding of the things that are meaningful and significant. They haven’t even begun to live or understand or experience life just down the road for them. Kids who are disrespectful to adults are promised to die before their time, unlike the older people they despise and condemn. Anybody who would treat disdainfully an old man has not been taught by their parents right from wrong, and therefore do not have the skills required to survive this life for long.

1Tim 5-1

(3k) Responsibility >> To the Family >> God addresses both genders >> Good men

1Tim 5-2

(3h) Responsibility >> To the Family >> God addresses both genders >> Instruction about women

(105a) Thy kingdom come >> Pure in heart >> A pure heart is a genuine heart

KJV    NAS

3&4 Honor widows who are widows indeed; 4 but if any widow has children or grandchildren, they must first learn to practice piety in regard to their own family and to make some return to their parents; for this is acceptable in the sight of God.

 

1Tim 5,3-16

(9k) Responsibility >> Strengthen one another >> Tend to the widows – Paul said, “Honor widows who are widows indeed,” and then he defined what was a “widow indeed.” Essentially, a “widow indeed” was a devout Christian woman whose husband had died, who throughout her life devoted her time, resources and energy to the ministry of the saints, but she herself was abandoned by her own children (v 5). Paul provided a set of criteria that a ‘widow indeed’ must satisfy before she can be put on the list of women the Church will assist. Top priority, she must be at least sixty years old, and she must be the wife of only one man, meaning she must not be divorced. If she has a reputation of good works and has brought up children, if she has shown hospitality to strangers and washed the saints’ feet, if she has assisted those in distress and devoted herself to every good work, then she may be put on the list. Paul is describing a type of social security, only instead of it revolving around money, the system is based on the principles of faith and love. It is the social security of good works. If a woman had lived a godly life and helped those in need, when she got old and could no longer provide for herself, the Church would take care of her. However, if she has children, then let them take responsibility for their own mother or grandmother and not burden the Church. Paul adds in verse 10 that the woman must have brought up children, so if the woman never had children, she cannot be put on the list, but if she brought up children, then let them take care of her, suggesting that in a perfect world there is no occasion for a woman to be put on the list. However, there is the case of the children being negligent of their own mother and refusing to care for her. This is the case when the Church steps in and helps the godly woman who have devoted their lives to the faith; they are “widows indeed.” Paul then described her life while the Church is taking care of her; she should devote her life to the word of God and prayer. This is how she earns her living in the Church.

(248k) Priorities >> God’ s preeminence >> Values >> The Highest Values >> Some things take precedence over others – Paul commanded us to honor old people, and especially mentioned widows who participated in the ministry of helps, which was something Paul deeply cherished, holding them in high regard. Widows were honored back then, because the men were already dead (no kidding). Women tend to live longer than men and they tend to be useful to the church both in their younger days and into their twilight years in all the services they provided. They maintained a service to the saints helping meet their daily needs, particularly missionaries and others passing through their area who were dedicated to the gospel of Christ; also they helped in the Church doing many things. Paul prized these helpers, often himself being a recipient of their ministries. As a missionary he would arrive in their town hungry, tired and poorly clothed, and the widows ran to his assistance and supplied all his needs and those with him. If they were sick, the women would nurse them back to health, and in Paul’s view, they were invaluable assets to the body of Christ, who provided essential services to the saints. When these widows got old and feeble, no longer able to continue their services to others or even supply their own needs, he didn’t want them forgotten, and neither did he want other women of their age who cared only for themselves lobbying for the same benefits. It was Paul’s way of returning the favor for a life of ministry to the saints, not just meeting their needs, but also venerating them in the presence of all for services rendered. So it acted as incentive for widows to commit themselves to the cause of Christ.

(250h) Priorities >> God’s prerequisites >> Sequence of priorities >> The first is a precondition for what comes after it (Cause and effect) – Paul is oddly advocating marriage, when in 1Corinthians 7 he adamantly advised against it, but he is talking to women who can’t live the single Christian life successfully. For them “it is better to marry than to burn” (with passion 1Cor 7-9). He says to be careful, though, and marry the right person, because divorce will make them ineligible to be put on the list when they get older. As for the woman whose father has died, let her take care of her aging mother, for a believing woman who does not take care of her own mother, she “has denied the faith and is worse than an infidel.” What about the case of married but barren women, or women who have never married per Paul's advise in 1Corinthians 7, are they not to be put on the list in their older years if they meet the criteria? Going back to the social security concept, if they remained single in order to "secure undistracted devotion to the Lord" (1Cor 7-35), they should be eligible for assistance from the Church in their older years.

1Tim 5-3,4

(1l) Responsibility >> Avoid offending God >> Carrying a false burden >> Taking on responsibilities that are not yours -- These verses go with verse 8. Paul said that family members of widows should give some return to their parents, and not just let the Church take care of them. This was not a suggestion but a commandment. When we think of what is happening in the world today, the government taking over the responsibilities of family members when it is actually our job to do it, we just throw our parents and grand parents into a nursing home and forget about them. The nursing home takes everything, so when they die, there will be no inheritance, for this reason the children forget about them. They forgot that their parents and grandparents fed them and changed their diapers when they were infants, and they supported them to adulthood, providing a roof over their heads and a bed. They made sure they received an education, and the list continues of all the things their parents invested into them, but when it is their turn to show a little charity to their parents, they just abandon them. They were supposedly trained to know the difference between right and wrong, but they apparently missed that lesson.

(10a) Responsibility >> Bring order to the Church >> Dealing with problems in the Church – These verses go with verses 9-16

(14m) Servant >> Ministry of helps >> Helpers fill in the gaps >> They are always there when you need them -- These verses go with verses 9&10. Paul associated widow's ministry of helps with feeding and clothing the saints, washing their feet, meeting their needs of every kind, and adding prayer to the mix. They used their left hand to do all they could for the saints and used right hand to reach for God in prayer for the things they could not do. Prayer is included in the ministry of helps, helping the saints in the body of Christ and helping the world come to know God through her prayers. When she’s not working to supply the needs of the saints, she’s interceding for them, and when she gets older and can no longer do the things she once did, she can still pray, and in her old age this becomes her ministry, a ministry of prayer.

(44j) Judgment >> Transformed >> Fulfill your ministry according to the will of God -- These verses go with verses 9&10

(130e) Thy kingdom come >> Manifestations of faith >> Unity >> Committed to caring for the needs of the body >> Committed to holding up one another -- These verses go with verses 9&10

(248d) Priorities >> God’s priorities >> The will of God >> The will of God is acceptable to Him

KJV    NAS  /  Navigation Bar

5&6 Now she who is a widow indeed and who has been left alone, has fixed her hope on God and continues in entreaties and prayers night and day. 6 But she who gives herself to wanton pleasure is dead even while she lives.

 

1Tim 5-5

(2d) Responsibility >> Avoid offending God >> Keeping your commitments >> Complete God’s calling in your ministry as Christ did

(30l) Gift of God >> God favors you through your prayers

(81m) Thy kingdom come >> Pray without ceasing >> For the Church >> Life of prayer

(87f) Thy kingdom come >> Ministry to God through obedience >> The obedience of prayer – Paul is talking about faithful widows. The fact that they lost their husbands probably means that their children are already grown, and so she is by herself. What is she to do? To those who live by themselves, both men and women, Paul has given the ministry of prayer. Some might say they don’t want the ministry of prayer. Maybe they don’t want a ministry at all; maybe they just want to live their lives. Some think that God is here to serve us, but to those who are seeking the truth and want a ministry, the foundation of every ministry is prayer. If we are going to dedicate our lives to prayer, then we ought to read the Bible as part of our ministry, because the two of them go together. The Bible without prayer, can only get us so far, and prayer without the Bible cannot communicate to God as we should, but when we put the two together, we talk to God through the Scriptures. Therefore, the foundation of every person’s ministry is Bible-based prayer. The fact that prayer is the foundation of every ministry means that prayer is the highest form of obedience. A ministry toward people that we would build upon the foundation of prayer will prosper. Without prayer, our ministry will just be a lot of activities without an anointing behind it, but if we establish a ministry on prayer and seek to minister to people through our ministry toward God, our effectiveness will exponentially increase. Then we will be doing the will of God and fulfilling our ministry through a revelation of Jesus Christ. That is what God does for us when we pray. We have all heard the term “prayer life”; if someone has prayed only once, that is his prayer life. God doesn’t want us to have a prayer life; He wants us to have a life of prayer. That will get things done and help establish the Church in the will of God and help develop unity in the body of Christ and allow us to communicate to people through an anointing we receive from God through prayer.

(97d) Thy kingdom come >> Attention >> Facing in the direction of the Lord >> Focusing your attention on God – Paul said two interesting things here: first using the phrase “widow indeed”, and second he assumed that she had fixed her hope on God, having dedicated her life to prayer. A widow indeed means she met the criteria for someone the Church has agreed to help, and the reason thy have agreed to do this is because of the value system of the Old Testament, which is filled with instruction about tending to the needs of widows and orphans. When we look at the criteria for widows, prayer is just one of them, so Paul is saying that prayer is the most important of all positive traits in any person! In the past she dedicated her life to serving the saints, washing their feet, making meals, and doing what she could, but when she became old and unable to care for herself, there was always one thing she can do, and that was to pray. When we think about what Paul says in the very next verse, “But she who gives herself to wanton pleasure is dead even while she lives,” it become clear that Paul is talking about widows of any age. The younger women who are still able to work should help the saints and contribute to the cause of the gospel in any way she can, including and especially in prayer.

(120l) Thy kingdom come >> Manifestations of faith >> Contentment >> Content with your way of life >> Content with remaining single

(121i) Thy kingdom come >> Manifestations of faith >> Hope Based On Faithfulness >> Hope based on perseverance

(187d) Die to self (Process of substitution) >> Separation from the old man>> Die to the flesh >> Dying to receive the glory of God >> Die to self through prayer

1Tim 5-6,7

(194k) Die to self (Process of substitution) >> Turn from sin to God >> Yielding >> Antithesis: Yielding to sin -- These verses go with verses 14&15

1Tim 5-6

(22j) Sin >> Lust (craving pleasure) >> Sexual lust -- This verse goes with verses 11-15

(26a) Sin >> Consequences of sin >> Death >> Dead to God through sin

(53c) Paradox >> Opposites >> Of life and death >> Die trying to live

(135b) Temple >> Your body is the temple of God >> Sins of the body >> Immorality >> Fornication -- This verse goes with verses 14&15

(153g) Witness >> Validity of the Father >> God bears witness against the world >> Shame >> Walking in condemnation >> Walking in sin -- This verse goes with verses 11-15

(160c) Works of the devil >> Essential characteristics >> Counterfeit >> Counterfeit God >> Counterfeit life

(160e) Works of the devil >> Essential characteristics >> Satan’s attitude determines our direction >> Led by the devil >> Led by the devil into sin -- This verse goes with verses 14&15

(163j) Works of the devil >> Being a slave to the devil (Addictions) >> Used by Satan to destroy your own life -- This verse goes with verses 14&15. Those who give themselves to bondage of sin are dead even while they live, alive in the flesh but dead in the spirit. Paul is not using doubletalk, as though saying they’re dead but saved. He is talking about people in the Church who are spiritually dead. This is what Paul wrote in Eph 2-1,2, “And you were dead in your trespasses and sins, in which you formerly walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, of the spirit that is now working in the sons of disobedience.” This is our state as sinners, and then we find God. These women who claim to be Christians but have given themselves to their sinful passions and desires have traded their salvation for these things. Paul didn’t offer a remedy; he didn’t say they needed to repent and get right with God. The Bible says that sin is deceitful; it can tell us that we are just dabbling in sin while we still believe in God, when in fact we jumped in with both feet and our faith has gone missing.

(167a) Works of the devil >> Manifestations of the devil >> Carnality/Secularism (mindset of the world) >> The carnal mind is set on the flesh >> Lust of the fleshly mind -- This verse goes with verse 11

(168b) Works of the devil >> Manifestations of the devil >> Do not conform to the world >> Do not conform to the world’s version of love -- This verse goes with verses 14&15

(172b) Works of the devil >> Manifestations of the devil >> Tares among the wheat >> Devils among the saints >> Unrighteous among the righteous -- This verse goes with verses 14&15

KJV    NAS  /  Navigation Bar

7&8 Prescribe these things as well, so that they may be above reproach. 8 But if anyone does not provide for his own, and especially for those of his household, he has denied the faith and is worse than an unbeliever.

 

1Tim 5,7-10

(142d) Witness >> Validity of Jesus Christ >> Witnesses of Jesus >> Having a good reputation >> A reputation of good works

1Tim 5-7

(9a) Responsibility >> Prevent being blamed for something you did not do >> Prevent accusations – Being above reproach is not only a commandment of God, but it is also a nice place to be among so many worldly people who would love to get you in trouble if they had something to pin on you. In this world you really don’t have to do anything wrong to get in trouble (although it makes it easier on your accusers if you do), all that is needed to get on someone’s bad side is someone who has bigger friends than you do, and being a Christian tends to incite most worldly people to hate you without a cause.

(11f) Servant >> The word of God is our standard of truth

(239g) Kingdom of God >> Pursuing the kingdom >> Pursuing the knowledge of the kingdom >> Teachers >> Teachers are construction workers >> God raises up teachers to raise up the body

1Tim 5-8

(1l) Responsibility >> Avoid offending God >> Carrying a false burden >> Taking on responsibilities that are not yours -- This verse goes with verse 16

(4f) Responsibility >> Advocate God’s cause >> From him who has shall much be required

(21a) Sin >> Disobedience >> Demonstrating unbelief in the character of God – For thousands of years nursing homes didn’t exist; people took care of their aging parents and grandparents in their own homes; this was expected of them. Paul is talking about a person throwing his mother in a nursing home and forgetting about her, saying that he has "denied the faith and is worse than an unbeliever." Giving a return to our parents is not an option or a suggestion. People can make a case for their deep faith in God, but if they throw their mother in a nursing home and never come to visit her and let her die alone, all their beliefs, doctrines and views about God are just clanging cymbals (1Cor 13-1). Anyone who denies his mother has also denied the faith. Christianity is more than merely affirming a set of doctrines of the Bible. God expects us to live and walk in the way we believe, and if we don’t, then He says we don’t believe at all. If we cannot prove our faith, then we don’t have any, but that is not what is being taught in the pulpit these days. What we hear in Church is affirming a set of doctrines will get us saved and give us eternal life, regardless of what we do to our mother. There are many cases when people have no choice but to place their mother in a nursing home; that is why they exist, so go visit her.

(96o) Thy kingdom come >> Having a negative attitude about sin >> Having an abusive attitude

(153i) Witness >> Validity of the Father >> God bears witness against the world >> Shame >> Walking in condemnation >> Walking in hypocrisy

(167k) Works of the devil >> Manifestations of the devil >> Do not conform to the world >> The world’s unbelief

(197b) Denying Christ >> Man exercises his will against God >> Spiritual laziness >> Rebelling Against what God wants you to do >> Refusing to take on responsibility -- This verse goes with verses 13-15

(197i) Denying Christ >> Man exercises his will against God >> Man withers when he is in control >> Unfaithful to God -- This verse goes with verses 11-15

(199e) Denying Christ >> Man chooses his own destiny apart from God >> Rejecting Christ >> Throwing God away >> Renouncing your faith

(204c) Denying Christ >> Man chooses his own destiny apart from God >> Back-slider >> Practicing sin >> Withdrawing from a righteous standard of living – When Paul says, “his own,” he was referring to the man’s relatives: cousins, nieces, nephews, aunts, uncles, parents and grand parents, and “Those of his household” refers to the man’s own wife and children. If a man will not provide for his own family, Paul says he has denied the faith and is worse than an unbeliever. This means unbelievers in Paul’s day didn’t do this, though it is sadly common in our world today. It is impossible for a person to abandon his wife and children and believe in Jesus. What would be the cause of a man not providing for his own family? Drunks and bums do this. They’re never home and they’re unsupportive, and if anyone has a need, that’s tuff luck. Providing financial support is by far better than not doing it, but there are other forms of support that are just as important, such as being there and paying attention to the people we love. It is amazing how some people live while claiming to be Christians; some leave a trail of destruction in their wake, yet still claim to be Christian. We are living in an age of apostasy where licentiousness reigns supreme. Now that Paul has said we are saved by grace through faith and not by works, it has given some people a green light to live and act any way they feel, but Paul said that if we demonstrate a lack a faith, it proves that we don’t believe. An evil lifestyle is more than just an indicator; it is solid proof that we don't believe in God. We all sin and do things that are wrong, and we hurt people, but we also repent and turn from these things. So we strive to lead a godly life and do what is right, but some people couldn’t care less about what is right; they only care about themselves and doing what they want. They need to get saved, repent and believe in the gospel.

KJV    NAS  /  Navigation Bar

9&10 A widow is to be put on the list only if she is not less than sixty years old, having been the wife of one man, 10 having a reputation for good works; and if she has brought up children, if she has shown hospitality to strangers, if she has washed the saints' feet, if she has assisted those in distress, and if she has devoted herself to every good work.

 

1Tim 5,9-16

(10a) Responsibility >> Bring order to the Church >> Dealing with problems in the Church – These verses go with verses 3 & 4

(206c) Salvation >> God makes promises on His terms >> Conditions to promises >> Conditions to receiving in the natural >> Conditions to partaking in the natural realm The widows they served were some of the greatest women of their day, for they had to be put on the list before the Church would serve them, and to be put on the list they must have led a life of service to others. These were women of great faith and commitment, and had a tremendous reputation for service to the saints, and so there was faith upon faith. People were able to share their knowledge and grace that God had given them to edify and encourage one another, and God was working greatly among them.

(250l) Priorities >> God’s prerequisites >> Lists >> Terms of graduating to the next level >> List of prerequisites – This whole chapter seems to contradict Paul’s dissertation on remaining single in 1Corinthians chapter seven. In that chapter Paul wanted the disciples to remain single, though marriage has its benefits; in fact, if they didn’t get married, when they got old they couldn’t be put on the "list", so if they followed Paul’s advice in 1Corinthians, they would have been overlooked in their elder years. However, we need also to remember that the whole point of remaining single was to promote undistracted devotion to the Lord, and that is what Paul was addressing in regard to widows. The main point was not whether they had children but whether they served the saints. Were these rules so stringent that if their life was not a perfect match, they couldn’t be put on the list? No! Widows who did not serve the saints should not be put on the list; he didn’t mention women so dedicated to the faith that they didn't get married to secure undistracted devotion to the Lord (1Cor 7-35). If they dedicated themselves to the service of the saints, then they would be put on the list, regardless if they were single. Remember too that Paul advocated marriage in this chapter against the alternative of being “idle, as they go around from house to house; and not merely idle, but also gossips and busybodies” (v13). If we want to treat this list as law, then we should go back to Moses, for we have missed the whole intent of the list.

1Tim 5-9,10

(5l) Responsibility >> Discipleship tested >> The Church tests the disciples

(14m) Servant >> Ministry of helps >> Helpers fill in the gaps >> They are always there when you need them -- These verses go with verses 3&4

(31b) Gift of God >> God is our Father >> He favors you as a servant – That is quite a list of criteria for widows to be put on the list. She had to devote herself to all these things, not just to some of them. This was the Church’s Social Security program. Instead of holding down a job for “X” number of years, they served the saints. That there was no Social Security program in place for men, because they didn’t live as long, and they took care of their women, but when the husbands died, their widows continued their work assisting the saints in whatever they needed. These women practiced love, hospitality and service throughout their lives, and they were rewarded with service rendered to them after they had become too old to support themselves.

(44j) Judgment >> Transformed >> Fulfill your ministry according to the will of God -- These verses go with verse 16

(130e) Thy kingdom come >> Manifestations of faith >> Unity >> Committed to caring for the needs of the body >> Committed to holding up one another -- These verses go with verse 16

(218h) Sovereignty >> God overrides the will of man >> God’s will over man >> Reaping the harvest >> Reaping the harvest of obedience >> The harvest of righteousness

1Tim 5-9

(3c) Responsibility >> To the Family >> Instruction about marriage – Serving the saints was like Social Security and having children was like Medicare in the early church. The criteria for receiving Social Security was not whether a woman worked for a living and paid into it, but she demonstrated her faith and helped those in need, she walked in love and obeyed the commandments, she did the will of God and became an example to those who believed. Another criterion was whether she raised children; if she didn’t, she was not to be put on the list. People had children back then so when they got old, they would have someone to take care of them, so the Church would not be burdened by a lot of women who never had children of their own to help meet her needs. Being a mother gave them practice in serving the saints, so if they didn’t have children, they didn’t develop the skills to serve the saints. It was an indicator that she didn’t want the drudgery that comes with having children, suggesting she doesn’t have a servant’s heart.

1Tim 5-10

(13m) Servant >> Serve God faithfully

(100m) Thy kingdom come >> Devotion >> In your ministry to people >> Devoted to ministering to their physical needs

(127n) Thy kingdom come >> Manifestations of faith >> Goodness >> Devote your life to doing good

(131c) Thy kingdom come >> Manifestations of faith >> Unity >> Brother depends on you >> To care for his needs -- This verse goes with verse 16

(235g) Kingdom of God >> Pursuing the kingdom >> Invest in the kingdom >> Giving (your inner self) >> Hospitality (providing a temporary home) >> Being a good host

KJV    NAS  /  Navigation Bar

11-13 But refuse to put younger widows on the list, for when they feel sensual desires in disregard of Christ, they want to get married, 12 thus incurring condemnation, because they have set aside their previous pledge. 13 At the same time they also learn to be idle, as they go around from house to house; and not merely idle, but also gossips and busybodies, talking about things not proper to mention.

 

1Tim 5,11-15

(2b) Responsibility >> Avoid offending God >> Keeping your commitments >> Fulfill your vows in marriage to your spouse

(3d) Responsibility >> To the Family >> Marriage >> Advocating marriage

(8n) Responsibility >> Prevent sin from coming between you and God – See also commentary on 1Cor 7,1-6. The "previous pledge" mentioned here is a pledge of remaining single, not a pledge from a previous marriage. Paul counsels the young women to get married because they get easily tempted to fall into sin, and it is better to marry than to burn (with passion 1Cor 7-9). Note also, when it says they "turned aside to follow Satan," it doesn’t mean they lost their souls; it only means that they are no longer living their lives in a way that promotes the gospel of truth, which is every Christian’s duty, married or not.

(22j) Sin >> Lust (craving pleasure) >> Sexual lust -- These verses go with verse 6. Paul describes women who give themselves "to want and pleasure;” it was obvious he refused to put such women on the list. Paul had no time for them, or anybody for that matter who refused to serve the Lord. Young widows felt sensual desires in disregard of their previous pledge (to remain single). If they are going to disregard their pledge of celibacy, then it is better not to pledge at all. Rather, they should get married and forget about serving the Lord as a single person if they cannot control their sexual appetite, “for it is better to marry than to burn with passion” (1Cor 7-9).

(153g) Witness >> Validity of the Father >> God bears witness against the world >> Shame >> Walking in condemnation >> Walking in sin -- These verses go with verse 6

(197i) Denying Christ >> Man exercises his will against God >> Man withers when he is in control >> Unfaithful to God -- These verses go with verse 8

(202c) Denying Christ >> Man chooses his own destiny apart from God >> Running from God >> Running to your sinful nature >> Run from God by running to your flesh – As for the children of the widow who refuse to take care of their mother in her elderly condition, Paul has great contempt for them. He also refuses to put younger widows on the list, “for when they feel sensual desires in disregard of Christ, they want to get married, thus incurring condemnation, because they have set aside their previous pledge.” This is why the cut off point is sixty years or older. They made an oath to God to remain single for the rest of their lives. It goes without saying that not every woman will make that commitment, but those who do at a younger age have a tendency to change their minds and decide to get remarried. The condemnation they incurred is not in getting remarried, but in breaking an oath they made to God to remain single. 

1Tim 5-11,12

(26l) Sin >> Consequences of sin >> Curse >> Deeds that return to the doer >> Words of your mouth

(173g) Works of the devil >> The religion of witchcraft >> Catholicism >> Unholy sacrifice >> Offering sacrifice without God’s approval >> Sacrifice against the will of God

(203d) Denying Christ >> Dishonor God >> Lying to God

(232c) Kingdom of God >> Pursuing the kingdom >> Seeking the kingdom >> Count the cost >> If you must count the cost, the price is always too high – The widow’s previous pledge was to remain single and secure undistracted devotion to the Lord. Her husband died, and so she pledged to remain single, and then reneged after the first man showed an interest in her. Paul says therefore not to put younger widows on the list; besides, they are too young to be put on the list of those in need. They are young enough to support themselves and they have services they can render to the Church, and the purpose of the list is to help those who cannot help themselves, so they should not be an unnecessary burden on the Church. These widowed women counted the cost of what it means to be a disciple of Jesus, having determined to remain single, and God would still rather His people remained single than to get married and divide their interests. Some might say that this came from Paul’s fanaticism, but in days of revival as it was then, they could use people who were wholly dedicated to the cause of Christ, but not so much in our day of apostasy.

1Tim 5-11

(167a) Works of the devil >> Manifestations of the devil >> Carnality/Secularism (mindset of the world) >> The carnal mind is set on the flesh >> Lust of the fleshly mind -- This verse goes with verse 6

1Tim 5,13-15

(197b) Denying Christ >> Man exercises his will against God >> Spiritual laziness >> Rebelling Against what God wants you to do >> Refusing to take on responsibility -- These verses go with verse 8. Young widows tended to get themselves in trouble as idle gossips and busybodies. For this reason Paul wanted younger widows to remarry, “bear children, keep house and give the enemy no occasion for reproach.” If they were married, they wouldn’t have time to be idle gossips. As a married person there are many things to do; she would have to take care of her spouse, making extra work for both of them. Plus, they want to make a nicer home for each other. Marriage is all about seeking happiness and fulfillment, so they look for a better house, better circumstances, and that all takes time, money and effort. Single people have more time to serve the Lord, but married couples usually have children, and then their time is spent raising them as a wife and mother. Although Paul would rather they remained single, yet under the circumstances it would be better if they got married. The whole idea of remaining single was to secure undistracted devotion to the Lord, but if they don’t intend to serve the Lord, then they might as well get married. The decision to marry is about what people want to do with their lives. Do they want to serve the Lord? Then they should stay single, but if they just want to be Christians, they should get married. If they have no intensions of serving the Lord full time as a single person, they will end up committing a lot of sin and dabbling in sexual promiscuity, which may lead to doubts, giving place to unbelief and destroying their faith, so it is better to get married. 

1Tim 5-13

(84g) Gossip (Key verse)

(84h) Thy kingdom come >> Words of your mouth >> Gossip >> Attacking a person’s character

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14-16 Therefore, I want younger widows to get married, bear children, keep house, and give the enemy no occasion for reproach; 15 for some have already turned aside to follow Satan. 16 If any woman who is a believer has dependent widows, she must assist them and the church must not be burdened, so that it may assist those who are widows indeed.

 

1Tim 5-14,15

(89f) Thy kingdom come >> Fear of God is the beginning of wisdom >> Deeds of wisdom -- These verses go with verse 22

(135b) Temple >> Your body is the temple of God >> Sins of the body >> Immorality >> Fornication -- These verses go with verse 6

(160e) Works of the devil >> Essential characteristics >> Satan’s attitude determines our direction >> Led by the devil >> Led by the devil into sin -- These verses go with verse 6

(161e) Works of the devil >> Essential characteristics >> Satan’s attitude determines our direction >> Wander >> Following the wrong leader

(163j) Works of the devil >> Being a slave to the devil (Addictions) >> Used by Satan to destroy your own life -- These verses go with verse 6

(163l) Works of the devil >> Being a slave to the devil (Addictions) >> Entertaining demons >> The Church entertains demons – Paul did not say Christians could follow Satan, and when they died they would go to heaven. Unbelievers follow Satan, and the world is going to hell. The only people who are going to heaven are Christians who believe in Jesus and follow Him. If they turn against their faith and follow Satan, they must repent, or else eventually they will return to a state of unbelief in which they cannot repent. Once their faith is replaced by unbelief, it will not allow them to believe in God again, so there is a lot at stake. Unbelievers must repent of their unbelief and get saved, but if believers return to unbelief, they give up their faith and go back to Satan. Salvation is like a ship at sea; some tie a lifeline to themselves and jump overboard to dabble in the sea of unbelief, and when they are done, they pull themselves back to the safety of the ship, but they run the risk of getting separated from the ship, and when that happens they are lost at sea with no hope of being saved again. "Born-again" is biblical; saved-again is not. Like the Prodigal Son, those who dabble in sin and return to their faith learn not to do it again.

(168b) Works of the devil >> Manifestations of the devil >> Do not conform to the world >> Do not conform to the world’s version of love -- These verses go with verse 6. Some of the widows have turned aside to follow Satan, meaning they were fornicating and possibly even committing adultery. In First Corinthians Paul urged Christians to remain single in order to secure undistracted devotion to the Lord. He was always searching for giftedness and availability in people who were committed to the cause of Christ to employ them in the ministry to help promote the Kingdom of God by whatever means they could express, but if they were not going to serve the Lord, then they might as well get married.

(172b) Works of the devil >> Manifestations of the devil >> Tares among the wheat >> Devils among the saints >> Unrighteous among the righteous -- These verses go with verses 24&25

(194k) Die to self (Process of substitution) >> Turn from sin to God >> Yielding >> Antithesis: Yielding to sin -- These verses go with verses 6&7

(203h) Denying Christ >> Man chooses his own destiny apart from God >> Back-slider >> Withdraw from obeying God >> Withdrawing from God

1Tim 5-15

(93m) Thy kingdom come >> Following Jesus >> Exception >> Following evil along the broad way

1Tim 5-16

(1l) Responsibility >> Avoid offending God >> Carrying a false burden >> Taking on responsibilities that are not yours -- This verse goes with verses 3&4

(44j) Judgment >> Transformed >> Fulfill your ministry according to the will of God -- This verse goes with verses 3&4. The only people Paul wanted the church to help were those who were widows indeed, whose children either died or were unwilling to assist their own mothers. He didn’t mention sons but daughters helping their mothers and grandmothers. The sons were probably busy at work; back then men worked and women stayed home and kept house and raised the children, dedicating their lives to serving their husband and children, but they were not breadwinners. A woman’s place was to serve, like the angels; things are different now but they are not better. The reason women want to work is because they don’t want the title of servant, though it is the ministry of angels (1Cor 11-10). They don’t want to be defined as a servant; they would rather be defined as an employee, have career status, a chance at importance in a company and hopefully make a lot of money. To have angelic status in society is not good enough for women anymore; they want to be like men made in the image of God (woman was made in the image of man); that is, women these days want to be like God. Wasn’t that the original temptation in the Garden of Eden? The things women have today represent the things that mankind has lost; there’s been an exchange, and now we have what we want but at great cost; no one is raising the children anymore. Society is eroding faster than we can patch it, and we are at a point where we are about to lose it all, because women don’t want to be servants.

(130e) Thy kingdom come >> Manifestations of faith >> Unity >> Committed to caring for the needs of the body >> Committed to holding up one another -- This verse goes with verses 3&4

(131c) Thy kingdom come >> Manifestations of faith >> Unity >> Brother depends on you >> To care for his needs -- This verse goes with verse 10

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17-19 The elders who rule well are to be considered worthy of double honor, especially those who work hard at preaching and teaching. 18 For the Scripture says, "YOU SHALL NOT MUZZLE THE OX WHILE HE IS THRESHING," and "The laborer is worthy of his wages." 19 Do not receive an accusation against an elder except on the basis of two or three witnesses.

 

1Tim 5,17-21

(10f) Responsibility >> Keeping order in the Church >> How to behave toward leadership – There are devils out there who spread rumors about those who are in charge of the word, who want to discredit and silence the men of God. It is harder to tell a lie with two or three people involved than with only one. They have to get their stories straight; they all have to be willing to lie, and they all have to prove they were in a certain place at a certain time. For two or three people, this is not an easy task, and for this reason having two or three witnesses is a relatively accurate means of attaining the facts.

(95j) Thy kingdom come >> Attitude >> Obedient attitude >> Positive attitude about authority -- These verses go with verses 1&2

1Tim 5,17-20

(73b) Authority >> Respect your leaders >> Those in charge of the word – Paul worked for a living when he lived among the saints, because he didn’t want to be an undue burden on the Church. He always modeled his behavior for the sake of the believers. Everybody looked up to him, and he wanted to develop a reputation among the people as a servant. He didn’t want to just preach it; he wanted to live it. So he worked for a living, but on his missionary journeys he needed support. He didn’t make this a requirement for all pastors; instead, he said they were worthy of double honor and the laborer is worthy of his wages, in reference to a salary. Some pastors work part-time, and some receive a salary large enough that they don’t need another job. If the assembly can afford it, then it allows the pastor to dedicate himself to the ministry all the more. Elders and pastors were constantly under fire; they had enemies. There were people who had incentive to start rumors about them in attempt to destroy their reputation using lies and deception. If they could get an idea to become popular, people would more readily accept it as true without investigating the matter. For this reason we should not accept rumors about our pastors unless they can be corroborated.

1Tim 5-17,18

(32f) Gift of God >> Father will honor you if you die to self >> In His service – We respect those in authority because they are our leaders, but those who rule well we are to give double honor. Paul gives us an additional standard of honor when he said, “especially those who work hard at preaching and teaching.” If you are in a church where your leaders are not doing well at preaching and teaching, it is time to skedaddle. Most likely they will expect double honor from you the lower quality of service they render. We know a cult leader will do that, and they contribute nothing to the body of Christ. In contrast, someone who works hard and does well in his preaching and teaching is worthy of double honor, especially when good leaders are hard to find, since nowadays the whole concept of teaching the word of God is all but forgotten. Go to church nowadays and all you get from the pulpit are life lessons tailored to the contemporary issues of our present society, mere crumbs in regard to God’s truth. It is difficult to find churches that center on the word of God, and if you find one and the pastor has a sound knowledge and understanding of the Scriptures and works hard at preaching and teaching, hold onto him and treat him with double honor, so he doesn’t leave, because you probably won’t get an equal to replace him.

(71f) Authority >> Ordained by God >> Worthiness of man >> Preachers are worthy of their support The Scriptures encourage the congregation to financially support their pastor, therefore, we should give financial support to our leaders who are truly men of God, which is how to keep a good pastor in your church, but that is not the only way to honor him. Some think they should lead on a volunteer basis without any support from the congregation, but how is he supposed to live? He would need to get another job and distract his attention from the Scriptures. That is not wrong or bad; a person could run a church that way; a pastor could hold down a secular job while he also leads the Church, since this is what the first and second century leaders usually did, and if it is good enough for them, it is good enough for us. Nevertheless, a good preacher is worthy of his support.

(72k) Authority >> Hierarchy of authority >> Authority makes you accountable >> You are accountable to the one who gave it to you

(101l) Thy kingdom come >> Ambitious to promote the Kingdom of God >> Preaching the gospel

(226c) Kingdom of God >> Illustrating the kingdom >> Rewards of the Kingdom of Heaven >> Reserved in heaven >> God crowns us with glory for sharing our rewards

(235j) Kingdom of God >> Pursuing the kingdom >> Invest in the kingdom >> Giving (your inner self) >> Taking on the role of a priest in your giving

1Tim 5-17

(150j) Witness >> Validity of Jesus Christ >> Works of the Church bear witness of Jesus >> Speak the word >> Preaching the word to the Church

(239f) Kingdom of God >> Pursuing the kingdom >> Pursuing the knowledge of the kingdom >> Teachers >> Teachable students >> The teachable are a blessing to their teachers

(239i) Kingdom of God >> Pursuing the kingdom >> Pursuing the knowledge of the kingdom >> Teachers >> The gift of teaching >> Teachers are a gift to the body – There is a difference between preaching and teaching. There are lots of preachers who can preach a good sermon, but those who teach the word of God are a necessary gift to the body and one that is lacking in today’s church, needed more than ever. Preaching is a matter of going over what we have already learned, reiterating the same topics and reminding the people of proper priorities and values, but teachers help the people understand Scripture in ways they have never known. Teachers uncover truths in the Scriptures that were previously overlooked. Preachers preach about things they already know, while teachers attempt to add to the people’s knowledge, so that preachers can later preach about it, but they cannot preach about things until they are first taught. In the Church today there are only a handful of things we really know, and every week the preacher harps on the same topics over and over without ever really going beyond them. This is why we need teachers to expand our knowledge, so the preacher can expand His preaching and drive them into our minds and hearts. The preacher and teacher work together; sometimes they are the same person; other times they work as a team, bringing to our remembrance the things we have learned, so we don’t forget.

1Tim 5-18

(141i) Witness >> Validity of Jesus Christ >> Old Testament bears witness to the new >> Old Testament is for our instruction >> Teaching from the Old Testament

1Tim 5-19

(206d) Salvation >> God makes promises on His terms >> Conditions to promises >> Conditions to receiving in the natural >> Conditions to participating in the natural realm

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20&21 Those who continue in sin, rebuke in the presence of all, so that the rest also will be fearful of sinning. 21 I solemnly charge you in the presence of God and of Christ Jesus and of His chosen angels, to maintain these principles without bias, doing nothing in a spirit of partiality.

 

1Tim 5-20

(12e) Servant >> Bad examples

(21l) Sin >> Premeditated sin >> Making no provisions for the flesh

(88j) Thy kingdom come >> Fear of God is the beginning of wisdom >> It causes repentance There are some people who don’t think they need to fear God, because He loves us, but Paul would disagree with them. There is room to fear even in the new covenant. As children we feared our parents, yet they loved us. This is making use of negative reinforcement. In our society we think negative reinforcement is bad and that it doesn’t work, even though back in the old days the vast majority of the way parents related to their children was through negative reinforcement, and those generations seem to be brought up better than they are nowadays. If we see an example of this in Scripture, how can negative reinforcement be a bad thing?

(138c) Temple >> Building the temple (with hands) >> Reproof >> Reprove your brother for sinning – Rebuking someone in the presence of all if they continue in sin was Jesus’ instruction about sinners in the Church: first rebuke them in private, and if they continue in sin, bring two or three as witnesses, and if they still continue in sin, then rebuke them in the presence of all (Mat 18,15-17). This is for the preservation of the body and for the individual. Our salvation is based on grace through faith, and if we lose our faith, we lose our access into this grace (Eph 3-12).

(143c) Witness >> Validity of Jesus Christ >> Witnesses of Jesus >> The public >> The disciples ministered publicly – "Those who continue to sin, rebuke in the presence of all," meaning they had already gone through the process of taking the person aside one-on-one, and when he didn’t repent take him aside again two-on-one or three and require his repentance, and when he continues to rebel and refuses to repent, rebuke him in the presence of all, so the rest will become fearful of sinning. It is good to have positive reinforcements and rewards for doing what is right, and there are plenty of them outlined in the Scriptures, though there are not many in the Church, and it is just as important to have negative reinforcements in the Church for those who refuse to repent, and the two of them working together, both positive and negative is usually enough to maintain order. Take one away and now we have only half a motive obey Christ. We need the other half to guarantee faithfulness. We have positive reinforcements in place for those who are willing to obey, and we have negative reinforcements for those who are unwilling. If he refuses to repent even after rebuking him publicly that the Church is to treat him like a tax gatherer and a sinner (Mat 18-17). Since he has probably already heard the gospel, there would be no point in attempting to convert such a one to the faith; therefore, when he comes to church, we should shun him until he repents; then we can receive him back into fellowship.

(178f) Works of the devil >> The religion of witchcraft >> Hypocrisy >> Hypocrisy of the Church is rebuked >> The Church is rebuked for sin

(180i) Works of the devil >> Practicing witchcraft >> Rebellion >> Rebelling against God’s narrow way >> Rebelling against the will of God

(203k) Denying Christ >> Man chooses his own destiny apart from God >> Back-slider >> Practicing sin >> Living in sin

1Tim 5-21

(15g) Servant >> Angels >> The presence of angels denotes authority – Lucifer was an angel, the highest of them all in heaven (Isaiah 14-12). “Lucifer” means Light bearer; morning star. He was the brightest star in the sky before he became full of himself. God created the angels before He created man, and gave them ownership of the creation, just as He later gave that ownership to man, so we are in joint ownership of the creation with the angels in heaven. Lucifer was leader of the angelic host, so that the inheritance fell chiefly to him, and it immediately went to his head, just as it did with Adam and Eve. The entire creation belonged to Lucifer, until he decided that since all these things belonged to him, he must therefore be god. Lucifer, though he was much greater in might and power than the next angel in authority, still was completely and utterly incapable of creating the universe, yet by his own volition he willfully deceived his own heart. God was still owner of His creation; the only thing that passed to Lucifer was the title. By analogy, we can possess the title to our house, but if it is not paid in full at the bank, that title means nothing. The bank retains the right to take back the house in the event of foreclosure. Likewise, the creation belonged to Lucifer so long as he remained responsible with it, but when he fell into transgression, instead of repossessing it, God cursed it. Once Lucifer decided that he was now god, he tried to formulate a plan to usurp the throne of God in order for his idea to become a reality, for there cannot be two Gods. Such an idea was rooted in futility. Of course he failed, and God threw him to the earth (Lk 10-18). Compared to his former power, freedom and wealth this was a prison sentence, and God threw all his angels down with him who followed in his rebellion, for he was able to talk many members of the angelic host into believing that together they had a shot at God’s throne.

(51i) Judgment >> Judging the Church with the world >> Do not show partiality to one another – It was important to Paul that the Church did not walk down the blind ally of favoritism, knowing that if the Church is not managed properly, it will deteriorate, just like the government that takes money from Social Security and gives it to those who never worked for it, and before long, the account is bankrupt, and those who worked for it will have nothing. This is not fair. We the people of God are not to be partial with anyone in regard to the principles Paul outlined in this chapter. Bias and partiality will destroy the Church from the inside, simply by raising up the wrong people to lead the saints. It has two corrosive effects: it eliminates incentive of the saints to obey Christ, and it will lead to the corruption of the true faith. If we show partiality (with our friends), it will turn the Church into a social club. Those who are fit for leadership in the church who would adorn the saints with their faith are denied a meaningful ministry in the Church, since those positions are already filled with people who don’t belong there. Those who show favoritism are already spiritually defeated and walk in the flesh and are incapable of any good work (Tit 1-16). Impostors and liars are disobedient to Christ; they condemn the faithful and are biased toward those who are likeminded. When someone with a sincere faith enters the assembly, they will contrast against the status quo, who will assume that the sincere Christian is in the wrong. This is a common problem in the Church today, caused by measuring people’s faith by the faith of others instead of measuring it by the Scriptures. They navigate through a sea of ideas triangulating against a floating point, and then judge others who are anchored in the truth of Scripture. They do not seek true north from a known independent source, so their results are inconsistent, because they are not anchored on the rock of Christ. This is how ministries have gotten themselves all turned-around with respect to the doctrines they believe, choosing the wrong people to imbue with authority, which causes a landslide of problems from which there is no return.

(183ea) Works of the devil >> The origin of lawlessness >> Spirit of Error (Anti-Christ / Anti-Semitism) >> Nursery for the spirit of error >> Selfish ambition >> Seeking to control the Church – God created man in the Garden of Eden, and man fell to the temptation of Satan, so that God is now testing man in much the same way that he tested the angelic host, only there are differences between the fall of Satan and the fall of man. Each person is born into sin through no fault of his own; therefore, the sins he commits in ignorance God can forgive through the blood of Christ, whereas the fall of Satan occurred in heaven in the very presence of God, from which there was no repentance. Also, there was no one who tempted Lucifer except himself, elucidating the mystery of lawlessness, whereas man had a tempter, the serpent. The angels were given a single choice to either side with God or with Lucifer, and those who sided with Lucifer were condemned with him, and those who sided with God were glorified all the more. The angels committed one act of sin and were condemned by it, whereas man commits many sins in ignorance and can be forgiven. There is an angelic elect, just as there is the elect among the saints.

(219h) Sovereignty >> God overrides the will of man >> The elect >> God chooses us as we choose ourselves >> God chooses us through our faithfulness – This concept of the elect is based on the fact that predestination is completely an act of God, for “The Lord knows those who are His,” but the verse goes on and says, “Let everyone who names the name of the Lord abstain from wickedness” (2Tim 2-19). Consequently, this concept of predestination has incorporated within it man’s free will. Therefore, this statement is true: God chooses us as we choose ourselves. That is, we prove we are part of God’s elect by using our will to serve Him and remain faithful to the end. The Scriptures depict this life as God’s testing ground for us to determine whether we are worthy of eternal life. This is a cold and harsh reality about God and difficult to accept and understand, because it is related to the concept of predestination. God predestines certain people for eternal life, and that predestination is hinged on the fact that they will ultimately pass the test of faithfulness throughout their lives. God does not credit anyone for believing in Him if their faith does not carry them all the way to the end. If they give up on God, then they have failed the test and have proven they are not part of the elect.

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22&23 Do not lay hands upon anyone too hastily and thereby share responsibility for the sins of others; keep yourself free from sin. 23 No longer drink water exclusively, but use a little wine for the sake of your stomach and your frequent ailments.

 

1Tim 5-22

(4i) Responsibility >> The choices you make >> Accountable for your sinful nature

(62h) Paradox >> Anomalies >> Being clever >> Do not commit yourself too hastily – Laying hands on someone too hastily, thus approving their lifestyle, while others are watching is a form of partiality. When people see that we are approving the behavior of those who practice sin, those who once respected us will be tempted to join their sin and they will lose their incentive to serve the Lord, since it seems anybody can receive approval. When it comes to money, people usually don’t commit themselves too hastily but are very careful how they invest, but in Christendom we lay our hands upon whomever and pray for them or shake their hand, and these people could be devils in disguise on a mission to destroy Christianity, and we are unaware of it because we don’t have our antennae fully extended. We are oblivious of the danger. Paul is warning us not to be too quick to treat someone as a brother if we don’t really know that person, and the reason is not necessarily that it will have a negative impact on us but negatively impact those around us who are watching.

(89f) Thy kingdom come >> Fear of God is the beginning of wisdom >> Deeds of wisdom -- This verse goes with verses 14&15

(115i) Thy kingdom come >> Faith >> Working the grace of God >> Laying on of hands >> Ordaining people to the ministry

(119c) Thy kingdom come >> Manifestations of faith >> Freedom >> Freedom from satanic influence >> Free from sin – John said something similar to this in his second epistle, “If anyone comes to you and does not bring this teaching, do not receive him into your house, and do not give him a greeting; for the one who gives him a greeting participates in his evil deeds” (2Jn-10,11). It makes sin sound like a contagious disease; we don’t want to associate with people of the wrong type. Shake a person’s hand, let him into our house, show him favor in the presence of others before we even know him, and people will get the idea that he can be trusted, when in fact maybe he can’t. People seeing us trusting other people will learn to trust them too, and if they are not trustworthy, they will do harm to the people of God, and it will be our fault. Pretty soon they’re taking over the Church and causing all kinds of trouble in the body of Christ. In that sense we become responsible for what they do. If a stranger visits our assembly and immediately asks for a ministry, the answer should be no, for their asking is too hasty and therefore inappropriate.

(126m) Thy kingdom come >> Manifestations of faith >> Patience >> Be patient in your circumstances

(162j) Works of the devil >> Being a slave to the devil (Addictions) >> Bondage >> Being slaves of men >> Bad company >> Do not associate with people who practice sin – Paul was a real stickler about controlling how other people perceive us. He was real careful to protect his image and reputation in the Church and among the heathen. He was very careful not to approve a person he didn’t know, not to give the impression of confidence in a person’s faith that he was a born-again Christian if he was not sure of it, because it could lead the saints assuming he was trustworthy, possibly letting down their guard with the result of getting fleeced. I write this from experience. This would have the effect of marring Paul’s reputation and put Christianity in a bad light and doing the opposite of promoting the Kingdom of God, which was Paul’s first priority. If the person commits a crime against the saints after we have approved him, we will ultimately share responsibility in their sins.

(171h) Works of the devil >> Manifestations of the devil >> Outward appearance >> Decorating the outside to simulate the inside >> Simulating the outer man to portray the inner man

(218e) Sovereignty >> God overrides the will of man >> God’s will over man >> Reaping the harvest >> We choose our actions, not their consequences >> Reaping the harvest of our works

1Tim 5-23

(108g) Thy kingdom come >> Faith >> Balance >> Do all things in moderation – Some might say that Paul is referring to nonalcoholic wine, but don’t fool yourself. Alcohol taken in the right dose is just as good as medicine, though it is easy to overmedicate. There are some who consider any amount of alcohol to be evil, and to them it is evil, but to Paul there is no substance in the world that is intrinsically evil (Rom 14-14). If we drink enough wine to deaden the pain of an ailment, it is more than enough to catch a buzz. So Paul does not condemn catching a buzz, but he does condemn getting drunk (Eph 5-18), for that is to seek other spirits. He advocated using alcohol as a medicine but not to abuse it. The person who uses alcohol to inebriate himself is looking for a spirit to replace the Spirit of God; becoming a drunk is indescript of those who go to heaven. Drinking a little alcohol is not bad, but abusing it is destructive both spiritually and physically to himself and to his whole family and beyond. Buying alcohol is relatively cheap, but those who abuse it will go through his life-savings; some will live on the streets begging for bread, and if anyone gives him a nickel, he would prefer to go without food and put the nickel toward his next drink. Alcohol has destroyed many families throughout the ages, but it is not illegal and neither is it a sin when one uses it lawfully and in moderation. We could use anything for sin; we could even use the Bible for sin, bashing it over someone’s head inflicting injury. If we can use the Bible for evil, how much more can we use alcohol for evil or anything?

(162h) Works of the devil >> Being a slave to the devil (Addictions) >> Bondage >> Addicted to sin >> Being a slave to the nature of sin – Eph 5-18 says, “And do not get drunk with wine, for that is dissipation, but be filled with the Spirit.” Compare that with this verse and we find balance. Paul advocated the medicinal effects of wine when used in moderation. The question is how much is enough and how much is too much? Getting a reprieve from our frequent ailments is enough, but getting drunk is too much! Paul referred to our stomach and other ailments, meaning that our stomach may not be the ailment; in fact, wine can disagree with some people’s stomachs. Rather, it may be bursitis, arthritis or any number of chronic pains of the body. Sometimes it is good to get a little relief from these annoying miseries. If a person drinks enough to dull his ailments, no doubt that will be enough to feel the buzz of alcohol, for the buzz comes long before any medicinal value. It is a known fact that the First Century Church regularly drank wine for dinner, possibly because it was safer to drink than the water. There was no doubt many strengths of wine back then as now, and the wine they drank for dinner was probably weak by comparison to the wine they drank for medicinal value. Nowhere does the Bible say we should drink alcohol for the express purpose of catching a buzz, but nor does it say that catching a buzz is evil. Nevertheless, alcohol is a lot like money; they both have an addictive quality. 1Tim 6-9 says, "But those who want to get rich fall into temptation and a snare and many foolish and harmful desires which plunge men into ruin and destruction." Alcohol had done the same to many people and their families. We must be careful how we use it.

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24&25 The sins of some men are quite evident, going before them to judgment; for others, their sins follow after. 25 Likewise also, deeds that are good are quite evident, and those which are otherwise cannot be concealed.

 

1Tim 5-24,25

(48e) Judgment >> Levels of judgment >> Judged according to your deeds >> In the day of judgment – Some people whom we figured were Christians, will not make it to heaven. Many will have confidence even on their deathbeds, but when they begin to sink into the ground, and when they don’t hear music, but hear screaming instead, weeping and gnashing of teeth and growling of demons, and when they don't see angels coming for them, but hands anxiously waiting to receive them into their eternal dwellings, then they will begin to question their faith. They will begin to wonder why they are there, until their sins follow after them and cover him with the curse of their works born of unbelief. Someone might make the point that because they weren’t so overtly sinners, they won’t have such a bad time in hell, but that is highly questionable. To be an impostor they must have known the person they were impersonating. They learned the language Christianity and fit into church culture so that no one suspected them as a false brother, steeped in religiosity. Jesus said the slave “who knew his master's will and did not get ready or act in accord with his will, will receive many lashes, but the one who did not know it, and committed deeds worthy of a flogging, will receive but few” (Lk 12-47,48). There is the really bad person who is obviously a sinner, just to look at him everyone can tell what is in his heart. He might as well have the word “sinner” stamped right on his forehead. Then there is the Christian impostor; compare the two with the above verse. It appears that their judgments may well be the opposite our initial estimation. Therefore we can deduce that eternal judgment will revolve around our knowledge of the truth, so that the terrible sinner who may have been completely unchurched, the epitome of a barbarian, will receive only a few stripes, but the one who knew his master’s will and did not do it will receive many.

(153d) Witness >> Validity of the Father >> God bears witness against the world >> Shame >> Hiding under a cloud of guilt >> Your sin will find you out – For those who are obvious sinners, everyone knows their fate when they die, but for those who are good pretenders and have lived a life of deception and fooled everyone, they haven’t fooled God. When they die, their sins will catch up with them. They will die under the guise of their deception, bearing the face they showed to the public and tried to fool God, but it will not work. God will kindly remove his mask and judge him for the sins underneath the facade that no one else knew but his Creator.

(172b) Works of the devil >> Manifestations of the devil >> Tares among the wheat >> Devils among the saints >> Unrighteous among the righteous -- These verses go with verse 6. There are some people that even the world knows they’re sinners, and there are others only the Church knows, and there are still others who mask their sin so well that not even the church knows, only God. What does it mean to be a s sinner anyway? Technically, everybody is a sinner. There is an old saying, ‘Sinner saved by grace;’ that is a true statement as some of our favorite hymns testify, i.e. Amazing Grace. A “sinner” is someone who has never been saved, who has never asked Jesus in his heart, who doesn’t have the Holy Spirit dwelling in him. There are many religious people in the world today who go through the motions of Christianity; they go to church every week, but they are not members of the true church; their names are not written in the lambs book of life. These are people who are Christians in name only, but “The Lord knows those who are His,” and, “Everyone who names the name of the Lord is to abstain from wickedness” (2Tim 2-19).

(174i) Works of the devil >> The religion of witchcraft >> Form of godliness >> Form of a servant but denying God your loyalty

(212i) Sovereignty >> God is infinite >> God is all knowing >> Nothing hidden >> God knows your secrets – Some people are obvious sinners and others are deceitful and appear righteous, but God knows their hearts. A person can play their little games throughout life and fool everybody, but when their life is over, their sins will follow them straight to hell. God will judge them based on what they have done, not based on their good intensions or appearance, not on what people thought of them. We cannot fool God. The same is true with a righteous man; some are never rewarded in this life for all the good they have done. They go unnoticed, but God says that it is not necessary that man recognizes the good in us. He sees everything, and he will reward those who have loved and obeyed Him. There is a reward, and in heaven there will be many surprises; those we thought were great Christians will make it into heaven by the skin of their teeth, and others whom we thought were just regular Christians will be exalted into high positions in eternity, and we won’t understand what they did to receive such adoration from God, because we never bothered to notice them. God will reveal all the good they have done and all the righteousness they performed, their kindness toward others and their dedication toward God, the people they won to Christ, their perseverance in doing good, and their endurance in the face of adversity. All these will come to light in eternity for all to see.

(218j) Sovereignty >> God overrides the will of man >> God’s will over man >> Reaping the harvest >> Reaping the harvest in eternity – Those who die in the Lord, who’ve been well known for their good works and righteous living will receive the reward that everyone expects, but those who were unknown and have died in the Lord, whose righteous deeds were less evident, God knows all about them, and He will reward the man accordingly, perhaps even more so than the man whose righteousness was known by all. The man whose good works were unknown cannot have an ulterior motive. We don’t really know how things will transpire in the spiritual realm, but we do know that everything is being recorded, and God is able to take the book of their deeds and transform it into something that will drape over them as the heavy weight of sin, and it will become their permanent identity. All their sins will be judged and all their righteous deeds will be forgotten. The same will be true for those in heaven. All their deeds are recorded too; instead of using that knowledge in judgment, all our sins will be forgiven, and all our righteous deeds will be rewarded. God will transform that information known as the righteous acts of the saints from a book to a robe that we will wear for the rest of all eternity. 

(246hh) Kingdom of God >> Spirit realm imposed on the natural realm >> Demonstration of God’s kingdom >> God demonstrates His glory >> Materializing the inner man

1Tim 5-24

(156K) Witness >> Validity of the believer >> Evidence of being hell-bound >> Living an ungodly lifestyle >> Practicing sin

1Tim 5-25

(127j) Thy kingdom come >> Manifestations of faith >> Goodness >> Rewards for doing good >> Doing good is the prerequisite to going to heaven

(155ka) Witness >> Validity of the believer >> Evidence of salvation >> You will know them by their fruits >> You will know them by their good deeds >> Good works that prove our faith

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